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  • Author or Editor: A. B. Siqueira x
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Abstract  

Solid-state Ln(L)3 compounds, where Ln stands for trivalent Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and Y, and L is 3-methoxybenzoate, have been synthesized. X-ray powder diffractometry, infrared spectroscopy, complexometry and elemental analysis were used to characterize the compounds. In order to study the thermal behaviour of these compounds simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used. The results provided information on the composition, dehydration, polymorphic transformation, thermal stability and thermal decomposition of the synthesized compounds.

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Abstract  

Solid state Ln–L compounds, where Ln stands for light trivalent lanthanides (L–Gd) and L is tartrate, have been synthesized. Thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray powder diffractometry, elemental analysis and complexometry were used to characterize and to study the thermal behaviour of these compounds. The results led to information about the composition, dehydration and thermal decomposition of the isolated compounds.

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Abstract

Characterization, thermal stability and thermal decomposition of light trivalent lanthanide fumarates, as well as, the thermal behaviour of fumaric acid and its sodium salt were investigated employing simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), TG–FTIR techniques, elemental analysis and complexometry. On heating, sublimation of fumaric acid is observed, while the thermal decomposition of the sodium fumarate occurs with the formation of a mixture of sodium carbonate and carbonaceous residue. The thermal decomposition of light trivalent lanthanide fumarates occurs in consecutive and/or overlapping steps with the formation of the respective oxides: CeO2, Pr6O11, and Ln2O3 (Ln = La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd).

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Abstract

Synthesis, characterization, and thermal behavior of transition metal oxamates, M(NH2C2O3)2·nH2O (M = Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)), as well as the thermal behavior of oxamic acid and its sodium salt (NaNH2C2O3) were investigated employing simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC), experimental and theoretical infrared spectroscopy, TG-DSC coupled to FTIR, elemental analysis and complexometry. The results led to information about the composition, dehydration, thermal stability, thermal decomposition, as well as of the gaseous products evolved during the thermal decomposition of these compounds in dynamic air and N2 atmospheres.

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