In order to clarify the effect of PbO addition on the formation steps of the superconducting phases in the system Bi2O3−SrO−CaO−CuO, a study of solid-state reactions under non-isothermal conditions, in the PbO−MO (M=Ca, Sr, Ca+Sr) system has been carried out.
Results suggest that the reactivity of the components in the system containing PbO and CaO is much higher than in the system
containing SrO. The Ca2PbO4 compound is formed first even in the system whereM=Ca+Sr. It is confirmed that Ca2PbO4 systems containing PbO.
Authors:M. Zaharescu, A. Jitianu, A. Braileanu, J. Madarász, and G. Pokol
It is well known that SiO2 -based inorganic-organic hybrid materials present significant differences due to the organic moieties bound to the inorganic
network and to the preparation conditions.
In the present work the ageing effect on the thermal stability of the SiO2 -based inorganic-organic hybrid materials prepared using tetraethoxysilan (TEOS), triethoxymethylsilan (MTEOS), triethoxyvinylsilan
(VTEOS), tetramethoxysilan (TMOS), trimethoxymethylsilan (MTMOS) and trimethoxyvinylsilan (VTMOS) was studied.
TG/DTA-MS was used to study the decomposition process of the materials. The structural modifications of the materials during
ageing were studied using spectral methods.
The gels obtained starting with more reactive alkoxides, of methoxy-type, present more complex structures and are less stable
Authors:A. Ianculescu, A. Brăileanu, I. Pasuk, and C. Popescu
Summary In the present study, the effect of the partial replacement of Pb2+ by La3+ in the lead magnesium niobate Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN) perovskite structure was examined, taking into account the Mg-source. Pure lead magnesium niobate (PMN) and lanthanum-modified lead magnesium niobate (PLMN) having composition (Pb1-xLax) (Mg1+x/3Nb2-x/3)O3 with x=0.2 were elaborated. The phase formation was investigated by DTA/TG methods correlated with X-ray diffraction, performed on materials obtained in non-isothermal conditions. The diffraction data for the ceramics obtained by isothermal treatments emphasized the influence of the lanthanum on the crystal structure, inducing the doubling of the unit cell parameter. SEM investigations pointed out the lanthanum inhibitor effect on the grain growth process, leading to an uniform grain distribution.
Authors:A. Ianculescu, A. Braileanu, I. Pasuk, and M. Zaharescu
In this paper the influence of alkaline-earth admixtures on the synthesis of lanthanum chromites of La1–xMxCrO3 (x=0; 0.3; M=Ca, Sr, Ca+Sr) type was studied.
The formation mechanism as well as the phase composition evolution, under non-isothermal and isothermal conditions, were investigated
by thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction.
The structure of the compounds and of the solid solutions formed depends on the solute type by means of the structural distortion
induced. The crystallinity of the chromites obtained is obviously influenced by both the temperature and the thermal treatment
Authors:A. Brăileanu, M. Zaharescu, D. Crişan, and E. Segal
Following our previous research, this work is dedicated to the study of phase formation in the subsolidus domain of the Bi2O3-PbO-CaO system.
Former investigations performed by DTA/TGA and XRD have pointed out that under non-isothermal conditions only the formation
of binary compounds occurs. Under such conditions these compounds could be non-equilibrium phases.
In order to establish the conditions of formation of equilibrium phases, a study of the Bi2O3-PbO-CaO system, in isothermal conditions, was carried out. The results obtained in isothermal conditions have confirmed the
presence of Bi2O3-rich solid solutions and Ca2PbO4 as main equilibrium phases. An attempt to represent the phase relations of the mentioned system at 700C should be equally
Authors:A. Ianculescu, A. Braileanu, M. Zaharescu, I. Pasuk, E. Chirtop, C. Popescu, and E. Segal
It is well known that the manganites-based solid solutions are interesting for their electric and magnetic properties. LaMnO3 exhibits a distorted perovskite structure due to Mn3+ ion, which determines the presence of the Jahn–Teller effect. Replacing La3+ host ions by cations of lower valence leads to the disappearance of this effect and changes the characteristics of these
Although the formation of manganites-based solid solutions has been intensively studied, there are some unelucidated aspects
concerning their formation mechanism, depending both on the precursors used and on the thermal treatment applied in order
to obtain suitable properties.
In this work the formation mechanism of La0.7M0.3MnO3 (M=Ca, Sr, Ca+Sr in equimolecular mixture) solid solutions, in isothermal and non-isothermal conditions, was studied. For this
purpose XRD, DTA/TG and spectral techniques were used. The solid solutions formation was found to be more dependent on the
Mn-precursors type than the thermal treatment conditions.
Authors:M. Zaharescu, A. Jitianu, A. Brãileanu, V. Bãdescu, G. Pokol, J. Madarász, and Cs. Novák
The hydrolysis-polycondensation of organically modified Si-alkoxides leads to the obtaining of inorganic-organic hybrid materials
in which the organic moieties remain as permanent groups bonded to the inorganic network.
The molecular species previously determinated by GC-MS during the gelation process have been significantly different according
to the type of the alkoxide used.
In the present work, thermal stability of SiO2-based inorganic-organic hybrid materials starting with TEOS (tetraethoxysilan), MTEOS (triethoxymethylsilan), VTEOS (triethoxyvinylsilan)
and MTMOS (trimethoxymethylsilan) was studied.
The molecular structure of the gels obtained determines differences in their thermal behaviour. Gels obtained starting with
MTEOS show the highest thermal stability, while gels obtained using VTEOS the lowest, among the substituted alkoxides. A particular
behaviour presents the gel obtained with MTMOS that decomposes in four steps. This could be explained by the presence in the
gel of some prevalent types of molecular species with different thermal stability.
Authors:A. Braileanu, M. Zaharescu, D. CriŞan, D. FĂtu, E. Segal, and C. Danciulescu
Former studies concerning the formation of the compounds in the pseudobinary systems of Bi2O3-MO type (M =Ca, Sr, Ca+Sr) have shown that the reaction which occurs with the highest rate is that between Bi2O3 and CaO. In the present work CaCO3 was used as CaO source. We carried out an investigation of the thermal decomposition of CaCO3 in the presence of Bi2O3 in comparison with the decomposition of pure CaCO3.