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Abstract  

Seperation of few carrier-free daughter isotopes from their respective parents, e.g.,132I from132Te,140La from140Ba and234Th from238U, using Adogen-464, a high molecular weight quaternary ammoaium salt by reversed phase extraction chromatographic technique is reported.

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Abstract  

The use of Amberlite-LA-2, a high molecular weight secondary amine, for the radiochemical solvent extraction of Ag(I) present as anionic thiosulfato complex at pH 3 is described. The effects of different parameters on the extraction and preconcentration have been studied in detail. The method was successfully applied in the determination of silver in several synthetic mixutres and also in a few medicinal samples.

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Abstract  

A selective and quantitative extraction method for uranium(VI) in presence of aqueous 20% lithium nitrate solution (pH 3) using 0.1M Adogen-464 (a quaternary ammonium salt) in chloroform medium, has been described. Uranium was subsequently determined by spectrophotometric method. The effects of different parameters on the extraction behaviour are reported. The method was applied in the trace determination of uranium in few ores.

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Abstract  

A radiochemical solvent extraction method for the determination of iron(III) employing the chelating extractant malonic anilide (MA), synthesized in our laboratory, has been described. Effects of different parameters on the extraction of iron(III) from 2M hydrochloric acid into a mixed organic solvent (methyl isobutyl ketone (TIBK) and diethyl ether) have been studied in detail. The method was applied for the estimation of iron content in several fruits using the principle of substoiciometric isotope dilution analysis.

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Abstract  

Two single doses of X-ray radiation, i.e., 75 cGy and 4.0 Gy were applied on male Swiss albino mice. Quantitative changes in concentrations of trace metals like copper, zinc, cadmium and chromium in the whole body irradiated mice skin at several post-irradiated time intervals were studied in comparison to that of control animals. Observations indicate that irradiation induce redistribution of trace metals studied in skin at different post-irradiation time intervals.

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Abstract  

Radish plant was collected along with root and soil from the nearby area of a Municipal Solid Waste dumping site of the metropolitan city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India and analyzed for a wide range of elements using the EDXRF technique with a 109Cd point source and a Si(Li) detector. The samples comprized of the root-soil, root and leaves. For quality control purposes, NIST standard reference material (SRM) 1648 Urban Particulate Matter had also been analyzed using the same procedure as for the samples. Concentrations of elements with X-ray energies in the range of 3–20 keV in the soil around the root and their uptake pattern by the root and the leaves have been estimated.

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Siderophores are low molecular weight (<1000 D) iron chelating compounds produced by microorganisms. Production of siderophore is a device of antagonism as by virtue of the capacity of siderophore production, a microorganism competes for Fe (III) with the others. Production of siderophores by 9 different soil fungi and wood-decay fungi was studied following CAS - assay and CAS - agar plate assay. Optimization for the production of siderophores was done by varying the levels of pH and Fe (III) concentrations in the low nutrient medium. All the test fungi could produce siderophores, though the degree of production recorded to be very low both in Botryodiplodia theobromae and in Fusarium spp. On the other hand, all the species of Trichoderma showed their excellency in siderophore production. The optimum pH for production of siderophores remained at neutral pH level though the range varied from pH 6.0-8.0. The optimum range of the concentration of Fe (III) required for siderophore production was recorded to be 1.5-21.0 µM. However, the stress condition of iron might be a decisive factor for siderophore production.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
M. Chatterjee
,
S. Bhattacharyya
,
A. Bhattacharyya
,
M. Banerjee
,
G. Muthukrishnan
, and
S. Banerjee

Abstract  

A method is described for the recovery of NH4 99TcO4 from its reaction waste. From the collected waste solution99Tc was precipitated as99Tc2S7 which on digestion with ammoniacal hydrogen peroxide produced a mixture of NH4 99TcO4 and (NH4)2SO4 from which the latter was removed by treatment with Ba(OH)2. The solution fumished NH4 99TcO4 as a crystalline material in 54% overall yield and with 96–98% purity after chromatographic purification over Dowex 50W column. Recrystallisation of this material from aqueous ammoniacal ethanol gave the analytical material which compared well with a standard sample and with literature data in terms of its -counts/mg and its molar extinction co-efficients () at 244 and 286 nm.

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