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  • Author or Editor: A. Damodaran x
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Abstract  

Extraction studies of neodymium and praseodymium with mixtures of tributyl phosphate and Aliquat-336 in xylene have been carried out. From 3.0M aqueous ammonium nitrate solutions, negatively charged complexes of neodymium and praseodymium were extracted with Aliquat-336 in the presence of tributyl phosphate into the organic phase. The synergic extracted species observed was M(NO3) 4 L+·TBP. The synergic extraction of lanthanide elements in nitrate media increases from lanthanum to lutetium.

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Abstract  

The extraction of mercury(II) from chloride and thiocyanate solutions has been studied by tracer techniques using bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulphoxide (B2EHSO) in benzene as an extractant. These extraction data have been analyzed theoretically by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by inorganic ligands and plausible complexation in the organic phase. The results demonstrate that Hg(II) is extracted as HgX2 and HgX2·nB2EHSO (where X=Cl or SCN andn=1 or 2). The effect of the foreign ions on the extraction of Hg(II) has also been investigated.

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Abstract  

The extraction equilibria of175Yb from thiocyanate solutions with di-n-pentyl sulfoxide (DPSO), di-n-octyl sulfoxide (DOSO), tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and their mixtures in carbon tetrachloride has been investigated. A relatively small synergistic enhancement has been observed with mixtures of dialkyl sulfoxides (DPSO+DOSO) and also with mixtures of DPSO+TOPO. These extraction data have been analyzed with the aid of a computer by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by inorganic ligands and assuming a set of product species in the organic phase and adjusting their formation constants through an iterative non-linear least-squares procedure to obtain the best fit to the data. The extraction of the metal is inversely and linearly dependent upon the dielectric constant of the solvent and temperature of the system.

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Abstract  

This paper describes a theoretical method for analyzing the behaviour of65Zn during solvent extraction from ammonium thiocyanate solutions with dialkyl sulphoxides. The mechanism of extraction of Zn/II/ from thiocyanate medium by sulphoxides may be represented by the following general equation:

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$xM_{aq}^{m + } + ySCN_{aq}^ - + zS_{org} \rightleftharpoons [M_x /SCN/_y ]^{mx - y} .zS_{org}$$ \end{document}
where Mm+ is the metal ion and S is the extractant. Expressions for the distribution coefficients were derived taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by inorganic ligands and also the dissociation of the extracted ion-pairs in the organic phase. Using these expressions, the values of the extraction constants were determined by a least-squares fit with the experimental extraction data. From these extraction constants, the various species extracted into the organic phase were resolved. The influence of the metal concentration, temperature and the diluent on the extraction of Zn/II/ has been investigated.

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Abstract  

Synergism in the extraction of Ce(III) from thiocyanate solutions has been investigated using mixtures of 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) and bis-2-ethylhexyl sulfoxide (B2EHSO) or di-n-octyl sulfoxide (DOSO) in benzene. A very high synergistic enhancement of the order of 105 has been observed. If a mixture of both dialkyl sulfoxides (B2EHSO+DOSO) is used, an additional synergistic effect is found due to the formation of a mixed, solvated complex when both reagents are added to the metal chelate. These extraction data have been analyzed theoretically with the aid of a computer by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by inorganic ligands and plausible complexation in the organic phase. The equilibrium constants of the various product species have been deduced by non-linear regression analysis.

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Abstract  

A method is described for the simultaneous multielement determination of yttrium and lanthanides at microgram level. This is based on the preconcentration of these lanthanides on to 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN) modified naphthalene. The optimal conditions for quantitative preconcentration viz., pH, amount of PAN modified naphthalene, time of stirring and aqueous phase volume were systematically evaluated. The quantitation of lanthanides was carried out by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analyzer, employing241Am annular source, via their characteristic K X-rays. The developed procedure gave reliable results in the analysis of xenotime samples.

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Abstract  

Synergism in the extraction of Lu(III) from thiocyanate solutions has been investigated using mixtures of bis-2-ethylhexyl sulfoxide (B2EHSO) and 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) or di-n-octyl sulfoxide (DOSO) or tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) in benzene. For comparison, the synergistic extraction of Lu(III) from perchlorate solutions has also been investigated with a mixture of B2EHSO and HTTA. These extraction data have been analyzed theoretically with the aid of a computer by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by inorganic ligands and plausible complexation in the organic phase. The equilibrium constants of the various product species have been deduced by non-linear regression analysis.

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Abstract  

Extraction of Ce(III) and Nd(III) by 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (EHEHPA) in the presence of water soluble complexing agent, glycine, has been studied. An improvement in separation factor between these lanthanides is observed. The extraction data have been analyzed theoretically, taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase with glycine and chloride ion and plausible complexation in the organic phase.

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Abstract  

Mixed-ligand chelate extraction of trivalent lanthanides such as La, Eu and Lu and a trivalent actinide, Am into xylene with mixtures of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-pyrazolone-5 (HPMBP) and dihexyl-N,N-diethylcarbamoylmethylphosphonate (CMP) has been studied by tracertechniques. These trivalent metal ions are found to be extracted from 0.01 mol/dm3 chloroacetate buffer solutions as M(PMBP)3·HPMBP type self adducts with HPMBP alone and in the presence of CMP as M(PMBP)3·CMP (where M=La, Eu, Lu and Am) into the organic phase. The equilibrium constants of the above species are deduced by non-linear regression analysis. The synergistic constants of trivalent lanthanides do not increase monotonically with atomic number but have a maximum at Eu and that of Am was found to lie between that of La and Eu.

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Abstract  

The extraction of Er(III) and Lu(III) from thiocyanate media with 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (EHEHPA) and also with mixtures of EHEHPA and thenoltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) or tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) or bis 2-ethylhexyl sulfoxide (B2EHSO) in benzene has been studied systematically. Synergistic effects have been observed with mixtures of EHEHPA+HTTA or TOPO. On the other hand, antagonistic effects have been observed with mixtures of EHEHPA+B2EHSO. These extraction data have been analyzed theoretically with the aid of a computer by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by SCN and plausible complexation in the organic phase. The extraction constants of the various product species have been deduced by non-linear regression analysis. The stability constants for the thiocyanate complexes of the metal ions have also been determined.

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