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  • Author or Editor: A. Ghosh x
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Abstract

Bio-composite fibers were developed from wood pulp and polypropylene (PP) by an extrusion process. The thermo-physical and mechanical properties of wood pulp-PP composite fibers, neat PP and wood pulp were studied using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The thermal stability of bio-composite fibers was found to be significantly higher than pure wood pulp. An understanding into the melting behaviour of the composite system was obtained which would assist in selecting a suitable temperature profile for the extruder during processing. The visco-elastic properties of bio-composite fibers were also revealed from the study. The generated bio-composite fibers were also characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to understand the nature of chemical interaction between wood pulp reinforcement and PP matrix. The use of maleated polypropylene (MAPP) as a compatibilizer was investigated in relation to the fiber microstructure. Changes in absorption peaks were observed in FTIR spectra of bio-composite fibers as compared to the pure wood pulp which indicated possible chemical linkages between the fiber and polymer matrix.

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A new and simple method for selective spectrophotometric determination of uranium(VI) with 4-(2-pyridylazo)resorcinol (PAR) and N-octylacetamide into benzene over pH 7.0–9.0 is described. The molar absorptivity of the complex with 9 different amides is in the range of (0.40–3.2)·104 1·mol–1·cm–1 at the absorption maximum. Out of these, the most sensitive compound N-octylacetamide (OAA) was chosen for detailed studies in the present investigation. The detection limit of the method is 0.008 g U·ml–1. The system obeys Beer's law in the range of 0–5 g U·ml–1. The method is free from interferences of most of the common metal ions except vanadium(V) and copper(II), which are masked by proper masking agents. The composition of the complex is determined by curve-fitting method. The method has been applied for the recovery of the metal from rock samples and synthetic mixtures.

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Thermal studies have been carried out on [NiL3]X2·n H2O, whereL=1,2-propanediamine;X=Cl, Br, SCN, 1/2SO

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Pointed gourd (Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.) is an economically important cucurbit and is extensively propagated through vegetative means, viz vine and root cuttings. As the accessions are poorly characterized it is important at the beginning of a breeding programme to discriminate among available genotypes to establish the level of genetic diversity. The genetic diversity of 10 pointed gourd races, referred to as accessions was evaluated. DNA profiling was generated using 10 sequence independent RAPD markers. A total of 58 scorable loci were observed out of which 18 (31.03%) loci were considered polymorphic. Genetic diversity parameters [average and effective number of alleles, Shannon’s index, percent polymorphism, Nei’s gene diversity, polymorphic information content (PIC)] for RAPD along with UPGMA clustering based on Jaccard’s coefficient were estimated. The UPGMA dendogram constructed based on RAPD analysis in 10 pointed gourd accessions were found to be grouped in a single cluster and may represent members of one heterotic group. RAPD analysis showed promise as an effective tool in estimating genetic polymorphism in different accessions of pointed gourd.

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Deltamethrin, a well-known type 2 synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, is a widespread environmental toxicant. It has potential to accumulate in body fluids and tissues due to its lipophilic characteristics. The immune system is among the most sensitive targets regarding toxicity of environmental pollutants. Various methods are available in the literature to analyze deltamethrin (DLM) concentration in plasma and tissues, but regarding the immune organs, only one gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (GC–MS/MS) method (on spleen tissues) has been reported. In the present investigation, a rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed and validated to determine DLM concentration in plasma, thymus, and spleen using zaleplone as an internal standard. Liquid chromatography (LC) separation is performed on an Agilent Zorbax® C8 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, i.d., 5 μm) with isocratic elution using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile–5 mM KH2PO4 (70:30, v/v) at a flow rate of 1 mL min−1. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for DLM is 10 ng mL−1 (plasma, thymus, and spleen). The method has been validated in terms of establishing linearity, specificity, sensitivity, recovery, accuracy, and precision (intra- and inter-day) and stabilities study. This validated method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution study of DLM in mice.

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Abstract  

Ethyl-substituted bis-triazinylpyridine (Et-BTP), a nitrogen containing soft-donor extractant, was used in investigations pertaining to the separation of Am3+ and Eu3+ from dilute nitric acid feed solutions by extraction chromatography using XAD-4 as the inert support, chlorinated dicarbollide as the modifier and 2-nitrophenyloctylether (NPOE) as the diluent. After carrying out a series of experiments, the optimum composition of the extractant mixture for the resin was found out to be 0.1 M Et-BTP and 0.025 M CCD in NPOE. Separation factor values were encouraging to carry out subsequent batch uptake studies at varying nitrate ion concentration which indicated favourable separation behaviour up to NaNO3 concentration of 2 M. Column studies have been carried out and conditions for elution and separation of Am3+ from Eu3+ have been found out. Long term stability of the resin was also investigated.

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Abstract  

The paper aims to investigate cytogenetic and apoptotic responses of γ-irradiation in a radio-resistant cell strain designated as M5. Induced micronuclei, chromosomal aberrations, nuclear fragmentation and nucleosomal ladders by γ-irradiation were less at equal doses in M5 cells in comparison with that obtained in the parental Chinese hamster V79 cells. However, at equal survival, there were no differences in the end points studied. Results indicate that the residual damages that lead to reproductive cell death also resulted in the cytogenetic and apoptotic responses. We speculate that the repair efficiency in M5 cells was more efficient and increased DNA repair could be the cause of radiation resistance observed in M5 cells.

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Abstract  

Radish plant was collected along with root and soil from the nearby area of a Municipal Solid Waste dumping site of the metropolitan city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India and analyzed for a wide range of elements using the EDXRF technique with a 109Cd point source and a Si(Li) detector. The samples comprized of the root-soil, root and leaves. For quality control purposes, NIST standard reference material (SRM) 1648 Urban Particulate Matter had also been analyzed using the same procedure as for the samples. Concentrations of elements with X-ray energies in the range of 3–20 keV in the soil around the root and their uptake pattern by the root and the leaves have been estimated.

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Summary

This paper describes a new, simple, precise, and accurate HPTLC method for quantification of (−)-epicatechin in the leaves of Cassia fistula. The leaves were separately extracted with methanol and water by both maceration and hot extraction (Soxhlet apparatus). Chromatographic separation of the drug was performed on aluminium foil silica gel 60 F254 plates with toluene-ethyl acetate-formic acid-methanol 20:12:4:4 (v/v) as mobile phase. Densitometric evaluation of the separated zone was performed at 280 nm. Epicatechin in the extract was satisfactorily resolved with R F 0.22 ± 0.02. The accuracy and reliability of the method were assessed by evaluation of linearity (200–800 ng per band), precision (method precision RSD 1.42% and instrumental precision RSD 1.12%), accuracy (98.12%), and specificity in accordance with ICH guidelines.

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