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  • Author or Editor: A. Helal x
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Abstract  

Humic acid sample was separated from the bottom sediments of Lake Quarun, in Egypt. It was purified and characterized by elemental analysis, potentiometric titration, IR, UV-visible and 13C NMR spectroscopies. The product of humic acid was very low (0.009%), gray in color and has low carboxylate capacity (2.4 meq/g). The first derivative of the titration curve indicated one maximum only, which implies one kind of carboxylate groups. The binding constant of 234Th with Lake Quarun humic acid was determined by solvent extraction. Only one parameter, β 1, was required to fit the binding as a function of carboxylate concentration: the Th4+ bound to the carboxylate sites in the gray humic acid forming 1:1 complex only. The binding constant increased with the degree of ionization and with the pKa of the humic acid.

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Abstract  

Humin is separated from a soil sample and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and potentiometric titration. These investigations indicated that humin displayed similar characteristics as humic acid. The sorption behavior of137Cs,90Sr and153Gd with humin was investigated from aqueous solution. The results indicated that the sorption process follows the order: Gd3+≫Sr2+>Cs+. It was time dependent and increased with pH. The sorption in the presence of humic acid or EDTA showed that both form a metal-ligand complex and consequently decrease the % uptake.

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Summary  

A humin sample, isolated from organic soil (peat) was used to investigate its interaction with different kinds of radioelements in batch systems. The sorption of the radionuclides 110mAg, 60Co and 65Zn by peat humin was studied under different conditions. The results indicated that humin has high ability to sorb the investigated nuclides with the sequence Co2+> Zn2+> Ag+, and can retained up to 1.04 mmol/g of Ag+, 1.63 mmol/g of Zn2+and 1.73 mmol/g of Co2+. The sorption process was time dependent and the percentage of uptake increased with pH to reach a maximum at pH~7.5, which corresponds to the pKavalue of the humin.

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Summary  

In a previous paper we studied the interaction of the radionuclides 110mAg, 60Co and 65Zn with peat humin. These nuclides are among the fission or corrosion products in nuclear reactors. The aim of this paper is to study the effect of certain ligands, which are present in the environment, such as humic acid, fulvic acid, EDTA and urea, on the sorption of these radionuclides by humin. The obtained results indicated that urea has no effect on the sorption of Co and Zn by humin, and only a little in case of Ag. However, the presence of the other ligands (humic acid, fulvic acid or EDTA) leads to different decreases in the sorption of the three nuclides by humin. The results are interpreted in the light of the complex formation between ligands and the metal cations and of the strength of binding of these cations to the humin sorbent. The release of Ag+in the presence of different ligands was found to follow the order: humic acid>EDTA>fulvic acid>urea. In the case of both Co2+and Zn2+, the sequence is changed to be: EDTA>humic acid>fulvic acid>urea, with a higher release in the case of Zn2+. The results showed that cobalt is bound more strongly to humin than silver and zinc. The sulphur content of the humic fractions plays a significant role in the competition for silver and zinc.

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Abstract  

The effect of some environmental ligands and certain fertilizers on the complexation of strontium with humic acid wasinvestigated colorimetrically and radiometrically. The results indicate that Na2-EDTA, Na3-citrate and NaCl compete to complex strontium in solution with the sequence: chloride < citrate < EDTA while Na3-phosphate has the reverse behavior. In the case of nitrogen containing fertilizers, the results show that urea, Mg-ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate increase the availability of strontium to plants and microorganisms.

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Abstract  

The formation of Sr-humate precipitate was studied colourimetrically and radiometrically at different pH's. It was found that, increasing of the Sr2+ concentration or the pH value of the solution increases the precipitated complex. The competition effect of Mg2+, Ca2+, Ni2+, and Ba2+ on the complexation of Sr2+ by humic acid indicated that both Mg2+ and Ni2+ substitute Sr2+ in humate complex, while Ba2+ has a very little effect. In case of Ca2+, increasing of its concentration enhances the precipitation of Sr2+ with humic acid.

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