This paper provides an analysis of the language situation in the villages of the multi-ethnic Prespa region (Republic of Macedonia): Krani and Arvati. The language situation in these villages appears to be especially noteworthy in juxtaposition with the general language situations in Republic of Macedonia. Interestingly, the local bilingualism has no religion restrictions, so Orthodox Macedonians master Albanian language, which is unusual for other Macedonian regions. The most significant features of the Prespa language situation are the following: 1) a relatively high degree of linguistic competence of Macedonian informants in the Albanian language; 2) the young age of second language acquisition; 3) the use of the Albanian language as a primary means of communication within the village; 4) the absence of code-mixing in the narrative.
Authors:T. Makarova, L. Preobrazhenskaya, A. Lovtsyus, A. Fridkin, A. Stepanov, A. Lipovskii, and B. Belyaev
In this report the procedures and the methodology of our versions of alpha- and mass-spectrometric techniques for destructive
analysis of VVER spent fuel are discussed. These techniques allow the determination of the content of americium and curium
isotopes with relative error 3–5%, that of plutonium isotopes with error ≤1% and of uranium isotopes −0.3–0.4%. They allow
one to determine the fuel burn-up using148Nd monitor with relative error not exceeding 2% at confidence level P=0.95. The investigation was directed at the increase
of sensitivity of analysis to ensure that the amount of analysed material should be equivalent to ∼1 mg of irradiated uranium
at mean burn-up values. These techniques are based on the isotope dilution method.