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- Author or Editor: A. M. El-Kamash x
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Kinetics and equilibrium studies on the sorption of uranium and thorium ions were carried out from nitric acid solutions by tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) loaded supported sorbent, commercially known as Egy-Sorb, using batch technique. Analysis of the rate data in accordance with three kinetic models revealed that the particle diffusion process was the rate determining mechanism and the sorption process of the metal ions onto impregnated sorbent follows first order reversible kinetics. The values of the first order rate constants, the rate constants of intraparticle transport, and the particle diffusion coefficients for the uranium and thorium ions were determined from the graphical representation of the proposed models. Experimental isotherms of both ions were successfully fit to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models over the entire concentration range studied. The effect of temperature on the equilibrium distribution values has been utilized to evaluate the changes in standard thermodynamic quantities.
The batch removal ofCs+, Sr2+, Ca2+and Mg2+ions from aqueous solutions using synthetic zeolite A was investigated. The influence of the initial ion concentration, pH and temperature was studied. The obtained isotherm data have been correlated with Langumir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich(D-R) isotherm models. The effect of the temperature on the equilibrium distribution values has been utilized to evaluate the standard thermodynamic parameters such as free energy (DG), enthalpy (DH) and entropy (DS). Based on the D-R isotherm expression, the maximum ion-exchange capacity and the mean free energy of each studied ion has been determined. The selectivity sequence, deduced from the equilibrium isotherm data is: Sr2+>Ca2+>Mg2+>Cs+>Na+.