Authors:Arunkumar Lagashetty, H. Vijayanand, S. Basavaraja, Mahesh Bedre, and A. Venkataraman
Polycarbonate with γ-Fe2O3 and CuO dispersions were carried out by solvent casting method to make polycarbonate-γ-Fe2O3 and polycarbonate-CuO composite films. These films were characterized for the molecular structure through FTIR spectroscopy and crystallinity by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. The morphology of polycarbonate-γ-Fe2O3 was found to be different from that of polycarbonate-CuO composite films based on the scanning electron micrograph (SEM) images. The thermal traces of composites are different from that of pure polycarbonate which indicating the catalytic decomposition when compared with virgin polymer which is oxidative decomposition. An understanding of the structure, morphology, and thermal behaviour of the composite films are envisaged in the present study.
Authors:A. Mahesh, R. Jeyachandran, L. Cindrella, D. Thangadurai, V. Veerapur, and D. Muralidhara Rao
The hepatocurative potential of ethanolic extract (ETO) and sesquiterpene lactones enriched fraction (SL) of
roots was evaluated against carbon tetrachloride (CCl
) induced hepatotoxicity in mice. The diagnostic markers such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total bilirubin contents were significantly elevated, whereas significant reduction in the level of reduced glutathione (GSH) and enhanced hepatic lipid peroxidation, liver weight and liver protein were observed in CCl
induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Post-treatment with ETO and SL significantly protected the hepatotoxicity as evident from the lower levels of hepatic enzyme markers, such as serum transaminase (ALT, AST), ALP and total bilirubin. Further, significant reduction in the liver weight and liver protein in drug-treated hepatotoxic mice and also reduced oxidative stress by increasing reduced glutathione content and decreasing lipid peroxidation level has been noticed. The histopathological evaluation of the liver also revealed that ETO and SL reduced the incidence of liver lesions induced by CCl
. The results indicate that sesquiterpene lactones have a protective effect against acute hepatotoxicity induced by the administration of CCl
in mice. Furthermore, observed activity of SL may be due to the synergistic action of two sesquiterpene lactones identified from enriched ethyl acetate fraction by HPLC method.