Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 143 items for

  • Author or Editor: A. Nagy x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

DSC, TG and quadrupole mass spectrometer data concerning methylquinuclidinium iodide (MeQ1), dried precursor gel, and crystalline levyne-type zeolite are discussed together with the thermal degradation of MeQ1 mixed with single inorganic components of the gel. It is shown that MeQ+ions play a role in the organization of the gel structure.

Restricted access

The concentration (in mg kg–1 fresh weight) of two main hydroxamates, 2,4-dihydroxy- 7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA) and 2,4-dihydroxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIBOA), and their temporal changes were simultaneously investigated using HPLC analysis in the leaves and roots of five Pioneer® maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids to select hybrids with higher hydroxamate contents. Although significant differences were found among hybrids in leaves, youngest leaves and roots, none of them showed unambiguously higher hydroxamate contents. However, the age of the organs and the plants significantly affected hydroxamate content. DIMBOA content of leaves decreased with increasing organ and plant age. DIBOA content varied among the hybrids, but generally decreased in the initial phase and then increased. In the roots, DIMBOA content decreased during the 21-day study and although DIBOA content did not show a clear temporal tendency, differences among hybrids were detected. According to current results, hydroxamate content temporally decreases in hybridspecific patterns, which should be considered when establishing a proper sampling time frame.

Restricted access

Reliable determination of microbial or transgenic Cry toxins is an essential issue in food and feed analyses, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) are the method of choice for quantifying these toxins currently in food and environmental analysis. Internal Quality Control (IQC) is an indispensable method to assess accuracy, precision, and reproducibility of analytical measurements. To assess the utility of the ELISA method, IQC was performed on EnviroLogix Cry1Ab/Cry1Ac QualiPlate ELISA with manufacturer supplied analytical standards. Applicability of negative and positive controls (C− and C+) was examined by Shewhart Control Charts for bias and Control Chart of the Range of Duplicates for precision. Linear regression (up to 5 ng ml−1 Cry1Ab concentration) of the commercial ELISA kit was compared to sigmoid calibration (up to 60 ng ml−1 Cry1Ab concentration). For immunoassay optimization process, possible matrix effects in different liquid and solid vertebrate tissues were examined by determination of the limit of detection values in these matrices.

Restricted access

The potentiometric electronic tongue is a new and rapidly developing technique. However, the description of the exact working mechanism is still absent. An important part of this description is the effect of the sample temperature on the measurement results. The paper reported here gives a description of the effect of temperature on results obtained with an α-Astree potentiometric electronic tongue. The yielded model was used to perform a temperature correction as if the samples were measured at room temperature (25 °c).

Restricted access

Testing cereal frost tolerance goes back for decades in the Agricultural Research Institute, Martonvásár, Hungary. The climatic programmes used in the plant growth chamber have proved to be fairly efficient, but these methods are time-consuming and have become quite expensive in recent years. An attempt was made to shorten this process by reducing the cold hardening phase, and the freezing test has been simplified and shortened by measuring the relative conductance of leaf segments frozen in a liquid freezer. Frost-tolerant and sensitive wheat lines were tested, and the sensitivity of the system was checked by testing single chromosome substitution lines. Differences were found for all lines frozen at different temperatures. To reduce the costs of the experiment it was attempted to cold-harden the plants not only in a growth chamber but also in a cold room under very low light intensity and it was found that even under thess unfavourable conditions the plants developed a certain level of frost tolerance. The simplified frost tolerance test has proved to be effective, but requires further improvement due to the unsatisfactory significance levels.

Restricted access

The effects of H290/51, a novel indenoindole derivative inhibitor of lipid peroxidation, on ultrastructural changes during cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury were investigated. Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were exposed to 30 minutes of global ischemia followed by 20 minutes of reperfusion: Group A: Control hearts with standard buffer perfusion with vehicle added. Group B: H290/51 (10–6 mol/l) added to buffer throughout stabilisation and reperfusion. In an additional Group C, where hearts were given H290/51, but not subjected to ischemia, the ultrastructure was preserved till the end of reperfusion. Absolute volumes and calculated volume fractions (Vv) of tissue and subcellular components were assessed with quantitative stereologic morphometry. After ischemia the increase in volume of extracellular interstitium was inhibited by H290/51 (247±80 vs. 159±50ml, mean±SD, groups A and B, respectively, p<0.05). The Vv (interstitium/myocard) was higher in control hearts (0.318±0.062 vs. 0.206±0.067, p<0.05). Vv (cell edema/myocyte) was higher in the control group (0.144±0.07 vs. 0.083±0.033, p<0.05). Vv (myocyte/myocard) was higher in group B after ischemia than in the control group (0.622±0.071 vs. 0.707±0.052, p<0.05). The decreased Vv (capillary/myocard) after ischemia was inhibited by H290/51. After reperfusion there was no difference between groups. Treatment with H290/51 reduced edema and ensured better preserved sarcolemmal membrane structure during ischemia. The effect was no longer present after reperfusion.__

Restricted access

The authors have developed transgenic wheat lines with broad range of herbicide resistance. The transgenic wheat, containing bacterial derived alien gene (bar) regulated under the maize ubiquitin promoter, is resistant to glyphosinate (phosphinotrichin) agent family. The presence of bar gene expression product (phosphinotrichin acetyl transpherase enzyme, PAT) was confirmed by PAT-specific ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay). The qualitative and quantitative chemical composition of the transgenic wheat lines in comparison with their non-transgenic counterpart (year 2000-2002) and protein utilization of the wheat wholemeal flours (year 2002) were summarized. Nutritional evaluation of the protein was based on a rat model by using N-balance experiments. Among the protein sources, heat-treated samples were also introduced into the experimental diets. It was found that heat denaturation of the proteins led to results with somewhat increased biological value indices. The introduction of GM technology did not affect food intake or nutritional performance of the rats.

Restricted access

Analysis of flagellin genes was carried out on strains of Salmonella Typhimurium, Salmonella Hadar, Salmonella Abortusequi, Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Gallinarum serovars, using a PCR system designed in this study. The purpose of these studies was to explore the flagellin genes of biphasic and monophasic Salmonellae for future targeted genetic interventions. The PCR primers were designed for two different structural genes of flagellin (fliC, fljB), for the repressor of fliC (fljA), for the operator region of fliC, and for the invertase system responsible for phase variation in Salmonella (hin, hixL, hixR). PCR analysis revealed that all of the examined genes (fliC, fliC-operator, fljB, fljA, hin, hixL, hixR) were present in all S. Typhimurium (n = 10)and S. Hadar (n = 10) strains tested. The results obtained on S. Typhimurium and S. Hadar strains confirmed their biphasic character at DNA level. However, the S. Enteritidis (n = 46) and S. Gallinarum (n = 5) strains lacked the invertase system (hin, hixL, hixR) as well as the fljA and fljB genes, while fliC and its operator were detectable. Consequently, the S. Enteritidis strains could only express fliC gene resulting in phase H1 flagellin. The examined S. Gallinarum strains were also demonstrated to have a cryptic flagellin gene (fliC). On the other hand, PCR results on S. Abortusequi (n = 2) indicated that both flagellin genes (fliC, fljB) and the whole phase variation system were present in both strains tested but only the H2 phase gene (fljB) was expressed. The phenotype of these strains could be clarified by motility test and/or by classical flagellar serology. The findings are also substantiated by the results of serovar-specific PCR for S. Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis. In conclusion, the PCR system developed in this study proved to be suitable for characterisation of Salmonella flagellin genes and confirmed serological results regarding all S. Typhimurium, S. Hadar and S. Enteritidis strains. This system could also identify cryptic flagellar genes of S. Abortusequi and S. Gallinarum.

Restricted access

Abstract  

A new terminology of Mössbauer pattern analysis is introduced. In this approach Mössbauer parameters are considered as functions of a number of externally adjusted physical parameters at which the spectrum has been recorded. Our approach can also help to systematize Mössbauer data for the identification of individual physical or chemical species from the corresponding patterns present in the spectrum.

Restricted access