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  • Author or Editor: A. Oshima x
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Abstract  

In order to improve the limits of quantification for trace elements, we applied the multiple gamma-ray detection method in the prompt gamma-ray analysis (PGA). The Clover Ge detector system was constructed for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis (MPGA) at the neutron guide hall of the JRR-3M reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The MPGA system consists of three Clover detectors and a BGO Compton suppressor. The instrumentation of the MPGA beam line and the detector system were developed. The estimated limit of quantification of cadmium in the plastic sample is approximately 0.1 ppm. The capability of the MPGA system could be improved by modification of the detector system, shield arrangement, software algorithm, etc.

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Abstract  

Recycling steel products demands a new technique for determining tramp elements in steel. Tramp elements, As and Sb, in some iron certified reference materials were determined by neutron activation analysis with multiple gamma-ray detection method and reported in MTAA11. In MTAA12, the authors reported the lower limit of determination values (LDL) and the dispersion of this method. The values of the LDLs for As and Sb in high purity iron were 0.002 and 0.0009 μg·g−1. The dispersion is small enough to satisfy the demand from materials science.

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Enthalpy increment HT-H289K measurements have been made on iron Chevrel phase sulphide Fe2Mo6S7.8, in the temperature range 300 to 500 K by the drop method using a hightemperature Calvet-type twin calorimeter. The first-order phase transition of this sulphide from a triclinic (low-temperature phase) to a rhombohedral (high-temperature phase) occurred at 375 K, and the enthalpy was evaluated to be 6.0 kJ/mol. The heat capacities of iron Chevrel phase sulphide Fe2Mo6S7.8 were also calculated before and after the phase transition.

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Abstract  

Recycled steel products demands a new technique for determining tramp elements in steel. In this paper, As and Sb in iron certified reference materials were determined by neutron activation analysis with the multiple gamma-ray detection method. The determined values are in good agreement with certified and reference values. The lower determination limits (LDL) for As and Sb in high purity iron are 0.012 and 0.0025 ppm, respectively. As the demanded LDL for As and Sb is 0.1 ppm, the method described in this work is suitable for determining As and Sb in recycled steel.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Y. Toh, M. Koizumi, M. Oshima, A. Kimura, Y. Hatsukawa, A. Osa, and J. Goto

Abstract  

In order to improve the sensitivity for the quantification of trace elements, we propose the combination of prompt gamma-ray analysis (PGA) and a multiple gamma-ray detection method. A new Ge detector system for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis (MPGA) was constructed at the neutron guide-hall of the JRR-3M reactor of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The first demonstration of this system was given with a plastic sample containing traces of cadmium. The quantification limit of cadmium in a plastic sample was found to be about 0.1 ppm.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. Oshima, Y. Toh, Y. Hatsukawa, M. Koizumi, A. Kimura, A. Haraga, M. Ebihara, and K. Sushida

Abstract  

A new radionuclide quantification method is proposed on the basis of multiple gamma-ray detection, which is two or higher fold gamma-ray coincidence method. The coincidence method has so far been used for nuclear structure study. We apply this method for quantification of radioactive nuclei. The advantage of this method consists of high energy resolution and high sensitivity. It is successfully applied to nuclear waste analysis, neutron activation analysis and prompt gamma-ray analysis. The principle of the multiple gamma-ray detection method and future perspectives for an innovative pulsed neutron source and a new detector system will be presented.

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Abstract  

In this study, sensitive trace element analyses were carried out without chemical separation by the combination of neutron activation analysis and multi-parameter coincidence spectroscopy. A long-lived radioisotope 129I in algae samples and iridium in geological samples were analyzed.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. Oshima, Y. Toh, A. Kimura, M. Ebihara, Y. Oura, Y. Itoh, H. Sawahata, and M. Matsuo

Abstract  

By combining neutron activation analysis with multiple gamma-ray detection (gamma-gamma coincidence), we have proved better sensitivity and resolution for the trace element analysis than the ordinary single gamma-ray detection method. We now try to apply the multiple gamma-ray detection method to the prompt gamma ray analysis (PGA). We have established a new cold neutron beam line for PGA in Japan Research Reactor, JRR-3M, at Tokai establishment of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). It consists of a beam shutter, a beam attenuator, a gamma-ray detector array, a sample changer, and a beam stopper. We construct a high-efficiency gamma-ray detector array specially designed for this purpose. Its performance has been evaluated with the Monte Carlo simulation code, GEANT 4.5.0.

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Abstract  

Low-energy photons produced by the Compton scattering from hydrogen increase the background in the lower-energy region of the gamma-ray spectrum. This results in an increase in the detection limit for trace elements. In multiple photon detection prompt gamma-ray analysis (MPGA), only those elements that simultaneously emit two or more prompt gamma-rays, which have cascade relation and are emitted within a short interval, can be measured. Therefore, the influence of hydrogen can be reduced. In this study, standard polymer and food samples are measured. The hydrogen background is reduced in MPGA.

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Abstract  

A neutron beam line for multiple prompt gamma-ray analysis was constructed at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. A detector system for the MPGA was constructed at the C2-3-2 beam line in January 2005. It comprised eight (upgraded in March 2007) clover Ge detectors with a BGO Compton suppressor. High efficiency detector system provides an advantage in terms of the detection limit of MPGA when compared to the result of PGA. The supermirror neutron bender was improved and a supermirror neutron guide was installed upstream of the sample position.

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