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Abstract  

A new approach to the determination of thermodynamic equilibrium constants in ion-exchange and solvent extraction processes is described. A plot of the logarithm of the distributing species activity in the aqueous phase as a function of its concentration in the non-aqueous phase has an inflection point. The ordinate of the inflection point gives directly the logarithm of the thermodynamic equilibrium constant of the reaction considered. This was made possible by finding that the ratio between n power of the free extractant molecule (or free site) activity and the activity of the distributing species-extractant complex is unity as this point.

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The thermodynamics of extraction equilibria

III. The uranyl chloride—hydrochloric acid—Di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid—Toluene system

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: A. Ruvarac, Z. Maksimović, and R. Halaši

Abstract  

A simple graphical method for determination of thermodynamic equilibrium constants, developed for ion-exchange and solvent extraction processes, was successfully applied to a liquid exchangersystem. Close values of the thermodynamic equilibrium constants for the system uranyl chloride—hydrochloric acid—di-2-ethylhyxyl phosphoric acid—toluene (K=7.8±0.8) were obtained when the ionic strength of the aqueous phase was varied and the concentration of di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid in the organic phase was kept constant, and vice versa.

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