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  • Author or Editor: A. Toyoshima x
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Abstract  

Elemental concentrations in Japanese medaka and mosquitofish collected from uncontaminated rivers in Kumamoto, Japan were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis with k 0 standardization method to know the background levels. A statistical analysis indicated the difference in metal concentrations among rivers and species. Background levels of elemental concentrations in some aquatic insect larvae were analyzed and metal concentrations were different among species, though they were collected at the same point. Enrichment factors of heavy metals in insect larvae were in the order of 103−104 suggesting effectiveness of insect larvae as bioindicator.

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Abstract  

The distribution behavior of astatine was studied at tracer concentrations and over a wide range of carrier iodide concentration in both solvent extraction and back extraction processes. Astatine compounds were extracted instantly into the organic solvent, CS2 from the carrier free and carrier iodide containing solutions. Back extraction of astatine with various NaOH solutions followed by solvent extraction caused the hydrolysis of astatine. The distribution behavior of astatine was explained by the extraction reaction schemes.

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Abstract  

The solvent extraction behavior of radioioine and astatine has been investigated under various conditions in order to compare the extraction behavior of astatine with radioiodine at tracer concentration. In this study, basic tracer solutions of astatine and radioiodine were extracted into the CS2 solution under various conditions. Astatine existed as a pure species in the tracer solution and formed cationic compound in the acidic solution which was also extracted into the organic solvent instantaneously. On the other hand, radioiodine existed as a complex in the tracer solution and was partly extracted into the organic solvent at tracer concentration. The observed different extraction behavior of astatine and radioiodine were consistently explained by the respective proposed extraction reaction schemes.

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Abstract  

The solvent extraction behavior of radioiodine at tracer concentration was studied by varying the pH of the tracer solution in order to gain deeper insight into the anomalous behavior of radioiodine at low concentrations. The anomalous behavior of radioiodine was observed with all the tracer solutions because of the existence of radioiodine complex in the tracer solution. The observed anomalous behavior of radioiodine was consistently explained by the comprehensive extraction mechanism.

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Abstract  

Adsorption of carrier-free radiotracers 181W and 93mMo produced in the 181Ta(p, n) and natNb(p, n) reactions, respectively, on anion-exchange resin was studied in mixed solution of HF and HNO3 in a concentration range of 10−4–10−1 M HF/0.1 M HNO3. Distribution coefficients (K d) of 181W and 93mMo at 70 °C showed the V-shaped variation with the minimum at around 10−1 M HF/0.1 M HNO3, although variation of the K d values for 93mMo was quite small compared with that for 181W. Formation of oxofluoro complexes for W and Mo is briefly discussed.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: K. Akiyama, H. Haba, K. Tsukada, M. Asai, A. Toyoshima, K. Sueki, Y. Nagame, and M. Katada

Abstract  

The properties of a metallofullerene that encapsulates 225Ac were studied by radio-chromatographic methods. The results of chromatography on a Buckyclutcher column suggest that there are some metallofullerene isomers of AcC82. The identical HPLC retention time of the major AcC82 peak with that of La@C82 indicates that the structure of one of the AcC82 isomers is the same as La@C82.

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Abstract  

Anion-exchange behavior of the group-5 elements, Nb and Ta, and their pseudo homologue Pa in HF and HF/HNO3 solutions was investigated by a batch method to find suitable conditions for the anion-exchange experiment of element 105 (Dubnium, Db). We determined the distribution coefficients of those elements on the anion-exchange resin as a function of the F and NO3 concentrations. Clearly different anion-exchange behavior was observed among these elements. Based on the results, we discuss the fluoro-complex formation of each element and suggest experimental conditions for the study of fluoride complexation of Db.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: A. Toyoshima, K. Tsukada, H. Haba, M. Asai, S. Goto, K. Akiyama, I. Nishinaka, S. Ichikawa, Y. Nagame, and A. Shinohara

Abstract  

The anion exchange behavior of 255No produced by the 248Cm(12C,5n) reaction has been investigated in 11.5M HCl, 4M HCl and 8M HNO3 to deduce the behavior of 'primordial 257No' produced via 248Cm(18O,5n)261Rf 257No before anion exchange separation in the 261Rf experiment. It was found that 255No is mostly eluted from the anion exchange column with these solutions. The contribution of 'primordial 257No' to the -decay events of 261Rf in the 261Rf experiment was evaluated based on the present results.

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