Authors:A. V. Reunov, L. A. Lapshina, V. P. Nagorskaya and S. N. Lega
When tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and potato virus X (PVX) preparations were mixed with the sap from the halo zone (HZ) tissues surrounding homologous virus-induced local lesions in Datura stramonium and Gomphrena globosa leaves, respectively, and the mixtures were incubated for 18 h at 37 °C, the virus particles underwent destruction. Under the electron microscope abnormal (swollen and “thin”) virions were observed in the incubated virus preparations negatively stained with phosphotungstic acid. Sometimes the TMV particles were “cut” across into fragments. Treatment of the virus preparations with the sap from the healthy leaves or HZ surrounding heterologous virus-induced local lesions may cause certain destructive changes of virus particles but to a far lesser extent than treatment with the sap from the homologous virus-induced HZ. Possible mechanisms of destruction of the virus particles are discussed.
Authors:A. V. Reunov, S. N. Lega, V. P. Nagorskaya and L. A. Lapshina
It is established that the central area of TMV-induced local lesions developed in detached Datura stramonium leaves, along with the completely collapsed cells (types I and II), contains cells (type III) conserving to a certain degree integrity of their structural components. A characteristic of the type III cells was the accumulation of considerable amount of virus and formation of TMV-specific granular and tubular inclusions. The study of lesion development showed that a proportion of the collapsed cells and cells of type III did not essentially change in the period up from 3 to 5 days after infection of the leaves. These data suggest that the disease development in cells of type III does not lead to a hypersensitive response and is very similar to that in the systemically infected cells.