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  • Author or Editor: AL Nagy x
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New wheat × barley, wheat × Aegilops biuncialis and wheat × rye hybrids were produced with the aim of alien gene transfer from these species into wheat. Amphiploids were produced with the help of colchicine treatment from the last two combinations. The new wheat × barley hybrids were multiplied in tissue culture because of the high degree of sterility and then pollinated with wheat to obtain backcross progenies. Wheat-barley chromosome pairing was detected using genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) in two combinations (Mv9 kr1 × Igri, Asakazekomugi × Manas). In vitro conditions caused an increase in chromosome arm association frequency in both combinations and in fertility in some regenerants. Five wheat-barley translocations were produced in a wheat background and characterized through the combination of cytogenetic and molecular genetic approaches (GISH, FISH and SSR markers). The following translocations were identified: 2DS.2DL-1HS, 3HS.3BL, 6BS.6BL-4HL, 4D-5HS and 7DL.7DS-5HS. Physical mapping of the SSR markers on chromosomes 1H and 5H was carried out using the intragenomic and interspecific translocation breakpoints and the centromere as physical landmarks.  Disomic wheat-Aegilops biuncialis additions were produced after backcrossing the wheat-Ae. biuncialis amphiploids. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was carried out using two repetitive DNA clones (pSc119.2 and pAs1) on Ae. biuncialis and its two diploid progenitor species to detect chromosome polymorphism. The 7M and 3M disomic chromosome additions were selected and five more lines still need to be characterized.  The octoploid triticale (Mv9 kr1 × Lovászpatonai) produced in Martonvásár was crossed with a 1RS.1BL wheat cultivar Matador. GISH analysis detected pairing between the 1RS arm of the translocation chromosome and that of Lovászpatonai rye in 32 % of the pollen mother cells, making it possible to select recombinants from this combination. The new recombinants between the 1RS of Petkus and the 1RS of Lovászpatonai rye cultivars are being analysed with the help of microsatellite markers.

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The effects of H290/51, a novel indenoindole derivative inhibitor of lipid peroxidation, on ultrastructural changes during cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury were investigated. Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were exposed to 30 minutes of global ischemia followed by 20 minutes of reperfusion: Group A: Control hearts with standard buffer perfusion with vehicle added. Group B: H290/51 (10–6 mol/l) added to buffer throughout stabilisation and reperfusion. In an additional Group C, where hearts were given H290/51, but not subjected to ischemia, the ultrastructure was preserved till the end of reperfusion. Absolute volumes and calculated volume fractions (Vv) of tissue and subcellular components were assessed with quantitative stereologic morphometry. After ischemia the increase in volume of extracellular interstitium was inhibited by H290/51 (247±80 vs. 159±50ml, mean±SD, groups A and B, respectively, p<0.05). The Vv (interstitium/myocard) was higher in control hearts (0.318±0.062 vs. 0.206±0.067, p<0.05). Vv (cell edema/myocyte) was higher in the control group (0.144±0.07 vs. 0.083±0.033, p<0.05). Vv (myocyte/myocard) was higher in group B after ischemia than in the control group (0.622±0.071 vs. 0.707±0.052, p<0.05). The decreased Vv (capillary/myocard) after ischemia was inhibited by H290/51. After reperfusion there was no difference between groups. Treatment with H290/51 reduced edema and ensured better preserved sarcolemmal membrane structure during ischemia. The effect was no longer present after reperfusion.__

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A neighbourding -quadrate transect study was conducted in order to examine the possibile relationship between small scale topography and coenotaxa occurrence and cover in subassociations of Festucetum vaginataeRapaics ex Soó 1929 sandy grassland plant community near Fülöpháza. These investigations served as a starting point in later soil seed bank studies. Cover of species was recorded in three transects of different exposition starting on the top of different dunes and ending in the depressions. Subassociations and facies forming species of the community occurred in all investigated transects. Parts of the transects could not have been classified unambiguously into any of the coenotaxa mentioned in the literature. In these zones the charactersitic species of the different subbasociations and facies were occurding together. These patches are propbably also the ones where changes in dominance relations and simultaneous spread of a species can relatively easily happen, as it is the case with Cleistogenes serotina. Annual vegetation of the open sandy grassland, ond the other hand, has occured only in the transition zones, between the subassociations or facies. In these transects moss-lichen synusia were peresent usually in the subassociation Festucetum vaginatae pennatae Kerner 1863.

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The analysis was conducted on the national database of the station tests carried out between May 1996 and February 2001, using the Hungarian Large White (LW) and Hungarian Landrace (LR) breeds, and the A-line of the Ka-Hyb hybrid (MLW). Days of test, total amount of feed consumed and valuable cuts were taken into the analysis to test the random distribution of the animals' phenotypic measurements and predicted breeding values across the contemporary groups of origin. The phenotypic measurements of all traits were clearly positively associated with the herds of origin (b = 0.52-1.08). Animals with favourable phenotypic measurements originated from better herds. On the contrary, the predicted breeding values seemed to be independent of the herd effects (b= -0.16-0.08) and suggested a possible random distribution across the contemporary groups.

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In the past six and half years, 862 different clinical samples [sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage, thorax puncture, cerebrospinal fluid and skin samples] were tested by Gen-probe amplified Mycobacterium tuberculosis direct test (MTD) or ligase chain reaction (LCR) or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). 239 parallel clinical samples were cultivated, and some samples were stained with Ziehl-Neelsen staining. 1-4 samples were tested per patient. 29 (12.13%) samples were positive and 177 (74.05%) samples were negative with both cultivation and molecular genetic methods. 2 (0.83%)samples were positive only on cultivation, and 31 (12.97%) samples were positive only with the molecular diagnostic methods. The differences are undoubtedly explained by the sensitivity of the molecular diagnostic methods.

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The clinical significance of the oral candidiasis (either as independent disorder, or as a part of another disease) is increasing with time. The diagnosis and local treatment of the oral candidiasis may not be satisfactory, this disorder cannot be eliminated without the correct diagnosis and management of the underlying disease. At the same time, some disorders, such as Candida induced leukoplakia, may significantly enhance tumor development. Fungal infection of the mouth is often the initial sign of several immunodeficiency diseases. It is, therefore, very important to clarify the background of a fungal infection, since this may be critical regarding the prognosis.

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To investigate the protective effects of Quercetin administration associated with chronic moderate exercise (training) on oxidative stress in the liver in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.


Diabetic rats that performed exercise training were subjected to a swimming training program (1 hour/day, 5 days/week, 4 weeks). The diabetic rats received natural antioxidant, Quercetin (20 mg/kg body weight/day) for 4 weeks. At the end of the study, all animals were sacrificed and liver samples were collected for estimation: some oxidative stress markers (malondialdehyde, MDA and protein carbonyls groups, PC), the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, SOD and catalase, CAT), reduced glutathione (GSH) level and reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione ratio.


Diabetic rats submitted to exercise training showed significantly increased the oxidative stress markers (MDA and PC) and a reduction of antioxidant enzyme (SOD and CAT) activity, GSH level and GSH/ GSSG ratio in hepatic tissues. A decrease in the levels of oxidative stress markers associated with elevated activity of antioxidant enzymes, the GSH level and GSH/GSSG ratio in the hepatic tissue were observed in Quercetin-treated diabetic trained rats.


These findings suggest that Quercetin administration in association with chronic moderate exercise exerts a protective effect in diabetes by attenuating hyperglycemia-mediated oxidative stress in hepatic tissue.

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