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Endophytic fungi associated with desert plants have a crucial role to enable these plants to tolerate abiotic stress, such as heat and drought.


In this study, a thermophilic fungal endophyte was isolated from a hot desert-adapted plant, Cullen plicata Delile. The endophytic fungus was (molecularly) identified as Thermomyces lanuginosus, and inoculated plants were coded as E+ and the control as E−.


This fungus had an effective growth-promoting activity on its host plant and increased the plant resistance to heat stress as well.


Our findings demonstrate that thermophilic fungal endophytes can enhance drought and heat stress tolerance in desert plants by ecophysiological mechanisms and improve growth of its host plants.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Wesam I. A. Saber
Khalid M. Ghoneem
Abdulaziz A. Al-Askar
Younes M. Rashad
Abeer A. Ali
, and
Ehsan M. Rashad

Stem canker and black scurf of potato, caused by Rhizoctonia solani, can be serious diseases causing an economically significant damage. Biocontrol activity of Bacillus subtilis ATCC 11774 against the Rhizoctonia diseases of potato was investigated in this study. Chitinase enzyme was optimally produced by B. subtilis under batch fermentation conditions similar to those of the potato-growing soil. The maximum chitinase was obtained at initial pH 8 and 30 °C. In vitro, the lytic action of the B. subtilis chitinase was detected releasing 355 μg GlcNAc ml−1 from the cell wall extract of R. solani and suggesting the presence of various chitinase enzymes in the bacterial filtrate. In dual culture test, the antagonistic behavior of B. subtilis resulted in the inhibition of the radial growth of R. solani by 48.1% after 4 days. Moreover, the extracted B. subtilis chitinase reduced the growth of R. solani by 42.3% when incorporated with the PDA plates. Under greenhouse conditions, application of a bacterial suspension of B. subtilis at 109 cell mL−1 significantly reduced the disease incidence of stem canker and black scurf to 22.3 and 30%, respectively. In addition, it significantly improved some biochemical parameters, growth and tubers yield. Our findings indicate two points; firstly, B. subtilis possesses a good biocontrol activity against Rhizoctonia diseases of potato, secondly, the harmonization and suitability of the soil conditions to the growth and activity of B. subtilis guaranteed a high controlling capacity against the target pathogen.

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