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Interventional Medicine and Applied Science
Authors: Ahmet Akça, Meriban Karadoğan, Demir Kürşat Yildiz, Funda Çorapçioğlu, and Yonca Anik

A 2-year-old patient with a history of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) was presented to our hospital with the complaint of shortness of breath and wheezing. Posteroanterior chest radiograph revealed hyperlucency and hyperexpansion of the right hemithorax. We performed computed tomography (CT) because of a suspicion of foreign body aspiration. CT revealed right main bronchus occlusion by a hypodense lesion. Bronchoscopy revealed a mass lesion in the right main bronchus which was histopathologically diagnosed as NHL. Only a few cases of endobronchial recurrence of lymphoma have been reported in the current literature, but there is no reported case in a pediatric patient.

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We present the case of a 20-year-old man with hemoptysis for 3 years. Chest radiography revealed increased pulmonary vascular opacities in the left lower lung field. Computed tomography showed an anomalous systemic artery arising from descending aorta supplying the basal segments of the left lower lobe. Bronchial tree was normal. Pulmonary artery angiogram revealed a hypoplastic inferior lobar branch of the left pulmonary artery. There was no direct communication between anomalous artery and pulmonary veins. We diagnosed our case as aortopulmonary collateral with normal lung parenchyma. Coil embolization of the anomalous systemic artery was performed. The patient survived well without evidence of hemoptysis for 18 months after coil embolization.

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This study was designed to determine the presence and the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in sheep and cattle in the Middle and Eastern Black Sea Regions of Turkey in which the potential vector, Ixodes ricinus , is widespread. Blood samples were collected from 720 sheep and 720 cattle from 6 provinces of the region, and used for detecting antibodies to A. phagocytophilum by indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and specific nucleic acids by a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Blood smears were also prepared and examined microscopically for the presence of A. phagocytophilum -like organisms in polymorphonuclear cells. Of the animals examined, antibodies were detected in 110 (15.27%) cattle and 107 (14.86%) sheep and A. phagocytophilum -like organisms were detected in the blood of 73 (10.13%) cattle and 71 (9.86%) sheep. In addition, specific DNA was detected in the blood of 27 (14.75%) cattle and 22 (12.35%) sheep. The results obtained constitute the first molecular and serological evidence of A. phagocytophilum infection in sheep and cattle in the Black Sea Region of Turkey.

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