The Anabaptists, who started to settle in Moravia after 1526, brought with them the production of faience. They were concentrated mainly in the demesnes of Southern Moravia (current districts of Břeclav, Hodonín, Uherské Hradiště and Znojmo), but after 1620 as non-Catholics, the Anabaptists had to leave. They went mostly to the neighbouring Kingdom of Hungary, today the western region of Slovakia where they continued to produce faience. After the Anabaptist community disintegrated in the last quarter of the 17th century, the production of faience was taken over by individual craftsmen.
The Moravian Museum in Brno holds one of the most representative collections of Anabaptist faience in the Czech Republic. Its origin dates back to the early years after the foundation of the Francis Museum, the predecessor of today’s Moravian Museum. At present, it comprises around 250 items.