This study explores the representation of scientific journals from Italy, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia and Montenegro
in the Thomson Scientific’s 2005 Journal Citation Reports (JCR). The number of journals covered by JCR was analyzed in relation
to scientific productivity of selected countries and the size of their economies, and no apparent relationship between these
factors was found. Our findings suggest that other factors, including the quality of individual journals, may influence how
many journals a country will have in the JCR.