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- Author or Editor: Ananta Shrestha x
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Stevens-Johnson syndrome, otherwise known as erythema multiforme majus, was first described in 1922 by Stevens and Johnson as a febrile illness with stomatitis, purulent conjunctivitis, and skin lesions. Case report: We report a 28-year-old married woman who presented with fever and was advised ciprofloxacin tablet. After taking two doses of the tablet, she developed papulo-vesicular rash involving the trunk and the upper and lower limbs, including mucous membranes. She also developed a painful red eye. She eventually developed jaundice and her case was ultimately diagnosed as ciprofloxacin-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Discussion: Medications appear to be the most common cause of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. It commonly affects multiple organs. Treatment for Stevens-Johnson syndrome is as diverse as the symptoms and it should be begun by withdrawing any offending agent identified. Conclusion: Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a potentially fatal multiorgan disease. This aspect of the condition is best addressed by early involvement of medical specialists.
Introduction: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease worldwide including Bangladesh. Approximately 0.84% of our population is infected with HCV. Genotypes of HCV are important in the determination of treatment duration and in predicting the response to treatment in HCV infection. Methodology: 61 consecutive patients who presented to us with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and who could afford treatment and having no features of decompensation were included in the study. Results: Of the 61 study subjects, 46 were males and 15 females. They were between 12 and 70 years of age. Of them 41% had genotype 3, 31% had mixed genotypes 3 + 4 and 21% had genotype 1. Patients also had genotypes 2, 4, 5 and mixed genotypes 5 + 6, the figure being 1.6% in each case. Conclusion: Genotype 3 is the commonest HCV genotype in Bangladesh, while we also have a high prevalence of mixed HCV genotypes.