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Thermal decomposition kinetics of some aromatic azomonoethers

Part III. Non-isothermal study of 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4′-chloroazobenzene in dynamic air atmosphere

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Rotaru, Anca Moanţă, P. Rotaru, and E. Segal

Abstract  

Thermal analysis of 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4′-chloro-azobenzene dye, exhibiting liquid crystalline properties, was performed in dynamic air atmosphere. The compound behavior was investigated using TG, DTG, DTA and DSC techniques, under non-isothermal linear regime. The evolved gases were analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy. Kinetic parameters of the first decomposition step were obtained by means of multi-heating rates methods, such as isoconversioanl methods, IKP method and Perez-Maqueda et al. criterion.

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Thermal decomposition kinetics of some aromatic azomonoethers

Part II. Non-isothermal study of three liquid crystals in dynamic air atmosphere

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Rotaru, Anna Kropidłowska, Anca Moanţă, P. Rotaru, and E. Segal

Abstract  

Thermal analysis of three azomonoether dyes, exhibiting liquid-crystalline properties, was performed in dynamic air atmosphere. Thermal stability studies and the evaluation of the kinetic parameters of each physical or chemical transformations are essential for a full characterization, before attempting accurate thin films’ depositions of such materials used in non-linear optical applications. New synthesized dyes with general formula: article image where R is a nematogenic group: CN, CF3 or a highly polarizable group: NO2 were investigated using TG, DTG, DTA and DSC techniques, under non-isothermal regime. The evolved gases were analyzed by FTIR spectroscopy. The activation energies of the first decomposition step were evaluated for each compound, the obtained results revealing complex mechanisms.

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Thermal decomposition kinetics of some aromatic azomonoethers

Part 1. Decomposition of 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4’-nitro-azobenzene

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Rotaru, Anca Moanta, I. Sălăgeanu, P. Budrugeac, and E. Segal

Abstract

The non-isothermal kinetic parameters corresponding to the decomposition of 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4′-nitro-azobenzene were evaluated. The kinetic analysis was performed by means of different multi-heating rates methods: isoconversional (‘model-free’) methods (Flynn–Wall–Ozawa) and invariant kinetic parameters method (IKP) associated with the criterion of the independence of activation parameters on the heating rate. The values of the obtained non-isothermal kinetic parameters are in satisfactory agreement.

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Abstract

Using the Williamson method, a new dye 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-3,4′-dichloroazobenzene (CODA) with liquid crystalline properties was synthesized. The structure and the thermal behavior of CODA were investigated by means of nuclear magnetic resonance, X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and light polarized optical microscopy techniques. The thermophysical processes were monitored by heating–cooling cycles, but the formation of liquid crystal phases were exhibited only for small values of the cooling rates. For the first heating–cooling cycle, the melting and the solidification processes, thus the characteristic temperatures, are shifted to higher values when compared to the following cycles.

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Thermal decomposition kinetics of some aromatic azomonoethers

Part IV. Non-isothermal kinetics of 2-allyl-4-((4-(4-methylbenzyloxy)phenyl)diazenyl)phenol in air flow

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Rotaru, Anca Moanţă, Gina Popa, P. Rotaru, and E. Segal

Abstract  

Thermal analysis of 2-allyl-4-((4-(4-methylbenzyloxy)phenyl)diazenyl)phenol dye was performed in air flow. The compound thermal behavior was investigated using TG, DTG and DSC techniques, under non-isothermal linear regime. Kinetic parameters of the two decomposition steps were obtained by means of multi-heating rates methods. Isoconversioanl methods (KAS and FWO), Invariant Kinetic Parameters method and Perez-Maqueda et al. criterion (by means of CR and FW equations) were used.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Rotaru, Catalin Constantinescu, P. Rotaru, Anca Moanţâ, M. Dumitru, Margareta Socaciu, Maria Dinescu, and E. Segal

Abstract  

A new synthesized 4CN type azomonoether, exhibiting dying properties, crystalline nature and generating interest as a material for non-linear optical applications was investigated. Modern devices incorporating liquid crystals tend to use thin films of such materials because of their special characteristics. Thermal stability studies are indispensable before attempting any deposition experiment. We have investigated the thermal behaviour of 4-[(4-chlorobenzyl)oxy]-4′-cyano-azobenzene (TG, DTG, DTA and DSC) in inert flow atmosphere, under non-isothermal conditions. The phase transitions were studied by repeated heating-cooling regimes, with intercalated isothermal steps. The thin films were deposited on silicon and quartz substrates by matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) using a Nd:YAG laser working at 266 nm. FTIR spectroscopy of the obtained thin films confirmed the preservation of the compound’s structure.

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