A confrontation of the sculptural remains of the east pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia with the relevant passage of Pausanias (V. 10.) is presented in order to undermine the commonly accepted reliability of the text for the interpretation of the pediment. A careful investigation shows that even in the case of the main figures the identifications given by the Perieget are far from being probable, and rather can be considered as fundamentally mistaken. The cumulative force of evidence makes it absolutely clear that the pediment did not depict the preparations for the chariot race between Pelops and Oinomaos, as Pausanias says. That was only a later interpretation, which has practically nothing to do with the original intentions of the sculptors.