From the Turkic loanwords in Hungarian the author selected those botanic terms which are peresent in Turkic and/or in Ossetic. Preference was given to those tree names which have palaeobotanic data. Twelve Hungarian tree names display Old Chuvash traits. Out of these names five, or perhaps six, can also be attested in Ossetic: the names of the 'ash tree', 'cornel', 'pear', 'blackthorn', 'bulrush', and 'hazel'. The name of the 'oak' is an Alanian loanword in Hungarian. The name of the 'reed' is not present in Hungarian, but the corresponding Ossetic word is a Turkic borrowing with Chuvash traits. On the basis of these data the author tried to fix a region where Hungarians, Turks, and Alans may have lived together in the 5th-7th centuries.
In the first part of this series of papers the author investigates the peculiarities and structure of the graphs of the Khitan Small Script. The graphs are polyvalent, and their phonetic values are based on and reflect the understanding of the Chinese phonetic system of the period. The list of graphs includes allographs and variants, further graphs with the same phonetic value but having different form(s). Some graphs have dotted and nondotted pairs. The Romanisation of the graphs is a convention by modern Chinese and European scholars. In some cases the phonetic value of a given graph is unknown, but its meaning is known; these are called logographs. Dotted forms and the numeric system are also investigated.