Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 242 items for

  • Author or Editor: Anikó x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

This paper gives a syntactic overview and analysis of exclamative constructions in Hungarian. Its main purpose is to describe word order variation in exclamative clauses, in comparison with other sentence types. The formal properties of exclamatives that will be discussed here have important consequences for the theories of exclamatives and exclamativity in general. The empirical findings will force one to reconsider the syntactic theory of exclamatives put forward by Portner and Zanuttini (2003). The key modification affects the role focus plays in exclamatives: it will be shown that languages can use available syntactic means of focusing in the expression of exclamatives.

Full access

From Hernádszentandrás to BioSzentandrás

An example of a sustainable bio-farm in Hungary

Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Author:
Anikó Báti

Sustainable agriculture is the re-production of resources, which has a positive impact on the natural environment, assists in the survival of rural communities, and improves the quality of life through food production. The job opportunities can also positively influence the population retention of the communities. The study seeks to answer why a farming community in a traditionally agricultural area may have to re-learn the foundations of crop production on a social agricultural farm created by the local government. In this case study based on my fieldwork, I present the operation of an organic farm established with the help of external resources and specialists as a sustainable agricultural model, its effect on community life, and briefly referring to food culture and lifestyle changes that occurred in Hungary in the second half of the 20th century.

Restricted access

Bread plays an outstanding role even by European standards in Hungarian diet, mainly in the everyday food of the lower social strata. From the second half of the 20th century, changes can be documented in this pattern both in home bread baking and consumption. Behind the changes in food culture are macro socio-economic processes transforming the traditions. The study traces the general course of this process, drawing mainly on rural examples and comparing them with the situation in Budapest.

Restricted access

A total of twenty-six monuments were erected in Szeged in the interwar years and further five in its catchment area. They were paid for by individual donations, religious denominations, regiments, schools, associations (for example, the commemorative tablet to Heroic Firemen), or were commissioned by the city. Most were created from public contributions, or with the support of the municipality. At the unveiling ceremonies the speakers referred to the monuments as though they were altars where people could come to pray and gather strength. Because of their lasting nature the monuments would forever proclaim the heroism of the soldiers who took part in the First World War. Approaching the phenomenon from the angle of the civil-religion, collective memory, and places of remembrance, the author examines the subject in newspapers, denominational materials and the minutes of general assemblies in the interwar years. She selects as a particular example the Gate of Heroes (Szeged) that illustrates the predominant national view of history and the civil religion of the period.

Restricted access

Edwin Williams: Representation Theory. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 2003, 285 pp.

Full access

Hungarian has a number of apparently synonymous time adverbs that can measure the duration of time intervals. The paper explores these adverbs in some detail, and argues that contrary to appearances, none ofthem are freely interchangeable. The starting point is a discussion of the property of homogeneity that time adverbs are sensitive to. The paper argues for a specific treatment of homogeneity and a preliminary adverb definition based on that treatment. It is proposed that some, but not all, Hungarian time adverbs share the default definition. The diverging adverbs may (a) contain a covert frequency predicate or (b) not measure the duration of the time interval directly, but by determining an endpoint of the interval. Hungarian time adverbs also differ in the range of time intervals they can measure; some, but not all adverbs can measure all available time intervals including the event, iterative, habitual and reference time. This variability in time adverb modification is arbitrary and needs to be explicitly determined for each adverb. Apart from discerning the interpretation of Hungarian time adverbs, the conclusions have a more general impact. On the one hand, apparently homogeneous adverbs can have disparate definitions. On the other, it is necessary to permit explicit, arbitrary constraints on adverbial modification. It is also argued that time adverbs can impose non-local restrictions on the eventuality modified, strengthening the need for a powerful theory of adverbial modification.

Full access

This article revisits the (non)configurationality debate of the 80s and early 90s concerning Hungarian, a `free word order' language, which was shown during that period to be characterized by an articulate and, crucially, hierarchical preverbal domain, with A-bar positions dedicated to discourse functions such as topic and focus. What this debate did not conclusively settle, however, is the question whether or not the structure of A-positions in Hungarian is also configurational. The most prevalent, and indeed empirically most well-argued and elaborated analysis that has emerged is that of É. Kiss's (1987a, b; 1991, 1994a, 2002, 2003), according to which the answer is negative: arguments are base-generated in the verb phrase in a free order in a flat structure. The present paper challenges this view by demonstrating systematically that the arguments put forward to back it up are inconclusive, and in fact it fails descriptively as well. The alternative proposed here is based on a hierarchical verb phrase (vacated by the raised verb) and a Japanese-type local scrambling movement that operates in the post-verbal domain of the clause. The scrambling movement analysis, besides being theoretically more desirable than the nonconfigurational verb phrase approach, makes available a superior descriptive coverage by accounting for a varied set of structural symmetries and asymmetries holding between subject and object. Modulo scrambling, Hungarian is configurational all the way down.

Full access

Szingapúr, amely független államisága 50. évfordulójához közeledik 2015-ben, különleges példaként szolgál arra, miként lehet viszonylag rövid időszak alatt olyan társadalmi-gazdasági előrehaladást elérni, amelynek révén fejlődőből magasan fejlett gazdaság jön létre a lakosság megemelt jóléte mellett. A tanulmány, miközben végigköveti a társadalmi, politikai és gazdasági fejlődést az ötvenes évek közepének függetlenségi harcától egészen máig, rá kíván világítani a társadalom és a gazdaság jelen állapotához elvezető folyamatra, illetve annak gyökereire. A kormányzat középtávú stratégiai tervezésben megnyilvánuló aktív, átlátható szerepvállalása az infrastruktúra és az oktatás fejlesztésében vagy az innováció előmozdításában éppúgy vizsgálat tárgyát képezi, mint a sajátos kulturális hagyományok, értékek kérdésköre.

Restricted access