(1) The Halle Insitute for Economic Research (Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle, IWH) in cooperation with the European University Viadrina, Frankfurt an der Oder held a conference on 13-14 May 2004 in Halle (Saale), Germany on Continuity and Change of Foreign Direct Investments in Central Eastern Europe. (Reviewed by Anita Pelle); (2) The University of Debrecen, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration in cooperation with the Regional Committee of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Hungarian Economic Association organised an international symposium on the issue of Globalisation: Challenge or Threat for Emerging Economies on 29 April 2004 in Debrecen, Hungary. (Reviewed by László Jankovics)
Von Neumann's Centenary Scientific Memorial Session; Conference report on the workshop convened in Budapest on 15 November 2003 to commemorate John von Neumann's contributions to economics; From Here and From There: New and Old Members' Perception on EU Enlargement; Report on the joint workshop of Hungarian and Holland economists on EU-enlargement at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands in September 2003.
The free movement of persons has been one of the fundamental building blocks of European integration from the beginning. The economics behind it implies that greater efficiency can be achieved if besides goods and services, the factors of production (i.e. capital and labour) can also move freely across a common market. Nevertheless, this setup was originally designed for an economic area where internal imbalances were modest. In fact, these freedoms have serious, originally unintended consequences in the 21st-century European Union (EU) where the original condition, even if implicit at that time, no longer applies. Nicholas Kaldor had actually warned about these threats many decades ago, saying that with the development of trade, initial differences among trading regions would grow in the absence of adequate compensating policies. Most lately, two large-scale events have accelerated intra-EU divergence and, consequently, migration: the Eastern enlargements and the recent financial and economic crisis. Our study focuses on the causes and potential implications of the intra-EU migration challenge in the light of Kaldor’s legacy. Our main conclusion is that the original construct of European economic integration is not fit for the current realities in that it no longer ensures steady and balanced development across the EU.