This paper examines policy-relevant effects of a yearly public ranking of individual researchers and their institutes in economics
by means of their publication output in international top journals. In 1980, a grassroots ranking (‘Top 40’) of researchers
in the Netherlands by means of their publications in international top journals started a competition among economists. The
objective was to improve economics research in the Netherlands to an internationally competitive level. The ranking lists
did stimulate output in prestigious international journals. Netherlands universities tended to perform well compared to universities
elsewhere in the EU concerning volume of output in ISI source journals, but their citation impact was average. Limitations
of ranking studies and of bibliometric monitoring in the field of economics are discussed.
This paper addresses research performance monitoring of the social sciences and the humanities using citation analysis. Main
differences in publication and citation behavior between the (basic) sciences and the social sciences and humanities are outlined.
Limitations of the (S)SCI and A&HCI for monitoring research performance are considered. For research performance monitoring
in many social sciences and humanities, the methods used in science need to be extended. A broader range of both publications
(including non-ISI journals and monographs) and citation indicators (including non-ISI reference citation values) is needed.
Three options for bibliometric monitoring are discussed.
Authors:Anton Nederhof, Thed van Leeuwen and Anthony van Raan
In this study we show that it is possible to identify top-cited publications other than Web of Science (WoS) publications,
particularly non-journal publications, within fields in the social and behavioral sciences. We analyzed references in publications
that were themselves highly cited, with at least one European address. Books represent between 62 (psychology) and 81% (political
science) of the non-WoS references, journal articles 15–24%. Books (economics, political science) and manuals (psychology)
account for the most highly cited publications. Between 50 (psychology, political science) and 71% (economics) of the top-ranked
most cited publications originated from the US versus between 18 (economics) and 38% (psychology) from Europe. Finally, it
is discussed how the methods and procedures of the study can be optimized.