The UNESCO World Heritage Convention (1972) was originally focused on nature conservation and built heritage. The immaterial aspect of the worldwide heritage discourse arrived at a turning point in 2003, when the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage was adopted. The definition of the intangible cultural heritage provides essential frames for a wide range of interpretations. The UNESCO concept focuses on inclusive, representative and community-based traditions which are contemporary and living at the same time. In this sense, the intangible cultural heritage conception is based on the fundamental dichotomy of tradition and modernity. For the communities concerned, a new perspective for living traditions is the process from tradition to heritage. There are four essential features of this process: participation, consciousness, organization and valorization. They can make a difference between tradition and heritage. The Hungarian model for the implementation of the UNESCO Convention is based on a bottom-up system, where the heritage bearers themselves initiate the nomination process for the National Inventory. It is based on their strong commitment to their heritage and it relies on their involvement and participation. In this paper, three case studies from North-East Hungary (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County) represent different ways of “creating a heritage.” The various patterns are closely related to the ideas of identity, community cohesion, tourism, local economy and the preservation of living traditions.
Given that knowledge is one of the most important human resource values, the manner of its acquisition, transfer and development within an organisation is crucial. It should come as no surprise that given the link between knowledge acquisition and development in most spheres, several individuals wish to restrict their knowledge to themselves, as it gives them value in the labour market. Yet, if we inculcate knowledge sharing habits among individuals at an early age, so that they not only impart but also acquire knowledge through knowledge transfer, information acquisition can become a mutually beneficial process for both providers and acquirers. In this study, we conducted a survey among university students in Hungary to investigate how open they are about sharing their knowledge with each other and what they expect from their peers in exchange for the information they have. Data analyses showed that students' willingness to transfer knowledge and their expectations in return for the knowledge transferred are greatly influenced by their mutual relationships, but the strength of these relationships impact the rewards they expect for knowledge transfer.
Our study examines the development of unemployment data from three strong Asian economies, China, Korea, and Japan. The focus is on the impact of the economic crisis caused by COVID-19, as well as an overview of the possible solutions to combat the impact of similar future crises on the labour market, in the hope of mitigating future economic dislocations. Following an overview of the region's economy and the pandemic, we use stochastic modelling of unemployment data of ten years prior to the pandemic, to estimate counterfactual future data without the pandemic. We then compare this estimate with real data during the pandemic. We did this in order to explore ideas and new solutions that could possibly be applied in Hungary, which is presently burdened by a very significant labour shortage.
Since the initial release of the World Wide Web, the capabilities of web browsers have grown from presenting formatted documents to running complex programs, such as 3D game engines. The medical imaging community started to adopt technologies that came with the fifth major version of the HyperText Markup Language (HTML5). It led to the creation of various web-based radiological applications such as cornerstone.js or BrainBrowser. BrainBrowser supports both 3D and 2D rendering of neuroimaging data. However, it cannot run important image processing algorithms, such as brain extraction and linear registration, which are essential in most neuroimaging workflows. The most commonly used library that supports these algorithms is the FMRIB Software Library (FSL). We aim to build a web-based cross-platform neuroimaging platform that combines data visualization with image processing.
We built WebMRI, a fully web-based extensible neuroimaging platform that combines the visualization capabilities of BrainBrowser with the brain extraction and linear registration tools of FSL by porting them from C++ to WebAssembly. We extended BrainBrowser with a plugin system that makes it easy to bring other processing algorithms into the platform. We released the WebMRI source code on Github: https://github.com/wpmed92/WebMRI.
We developed and released WebMRI, a web-based cross-platform open-source neuroimaging platform.
Az esetismertetésben bemutatott betegünket több mint egy évtizeden át kezelték
nem specifikus fejfájással. A bal oldali halántéklebenyben évekkel korábban
arachnoidealis cystát diagnosztizáltak, de ezt a fejfájás etiológiájából
többször is kizárták. A beteg purulens fülváladékozással került intézetünkbe,
ahol krónikus gennyes középfülgyulladást és az antrumot kitöltő, a piramiscsont
tegmenét destruáló és a középső koponyagödörbe törő koleszteringranulomát
állapítottunk meg, elvetve a korábbi arachnoidealis cysta kórisméjét. Esetünk
kapcsán a koleszteringranuloma kórképét, műtéti megoldását,
differenciáldiagnosztikai problémáit és a kapcsolódó nemzetközi irodalmat
ismertetjük. A beteg krónikus középfülgyulladását tympanoplastica során
szanáltuk, a koleszteringranuloma intra- és extracranialis részét is
transmastoidalis feltárás során két ülésben eltávolítottuk, és a sziklacsont
tegmenjének csontos hiányát septumporc segítségével állítottuk helyre, így a
másodlagosan kialakult iatrogén meningoencephalicus herniát megszüntettük. A
beteg fejfájása a műtétet követően azonnal megszűnt. Krónikus gennyes
középfülgyulladása szanálódott. Agyszövet hernializálódása, agyvízcsorgás,
illetve meningitis nem alakult ki. Két évvel a műtét után teljesen panaszmentes
a beteg. A nagy kiterjedésű, a középső koponyagödörben növekvő
koleszteringranuloma súlyos komplikációkat okozhat, emiatt fokozott figyelmet és
egyénre szabott műtéti megoldást, ellátást igényel. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(52):
Pollen beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) rank among the most important pests of oilseed rape (Brassica napus). For their timely detection in early spring, yellow sticky or water pan traps are used; however, it has been suggested that the addition of chemical lures to attractive visual cues could improve trap efficacy. During the course of field trials in Hungary, we have developed a 3-component synthetic floral lure consisting of (E)-anethol + (E)-cinnamyl alcohol + (E)-cinnamyl acetate, which attracted large numbers of pollen beetles into large capture-capacity fluorescent yellow funnel traps. There was no apparent difference between the pollen beetle species Brassicogethes aeneus F. 1775 (earlier Meligethes aeneus), Brassicogethes viridescens F. 1775, Brassicogethes coracinus Sturm 1845 and Fabogethes nigrescens Sturm 1845 in their responses to the 3-component lure, which can therefore be used to trap all of them. Funnel traps with the new ternary floral lure were more efficient in catching beetles than those with lures containing 2-phenethyl isothiocyanate, a previously described plant-derived attractant for pollen beetles. However, the effect of the addition of the isothiocyanate to the ternary blend was not completely clear from these experiments and thus requires further studies.