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  • Author or Editor: Attila Chikán x
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The paper sets out to show that János Kornai's book Economics of Shortage, published in 1980, had played a very important role in the intellectual preparations for transition - most certainly in Hungary but also in other former socialist countries. It analyses the environment in which the book was born and formulates eight theses on its effects, emphasising its professional soundness, carefully pointed focuses, clarity of methodology and radicalising influence. The paper concludes that later on the book also helped the analysis of the transition process itself.

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The purpose of social co-ordination mechanisms is to co-ordinate the activities of individuals and organisations specialised in the distribution of work. The paper reviews five basic types of mechanisms: market, bureaucratic, ethical, aggressive and co-operative co-ordination. Today’s world operates on the basis of a duality: international cooperation is based on nation states, in which the public administrations work according to bureaucratic coordination. However, the increasingly globalised market responds to the logic of market coordination. The article argues that in terms of understanding the working of public administration, the various coordination mechanisms are of crucial importance, especially where various mechanisms meet, such as the relationship between nation states and multinational corporations.

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Írásunkban arra vállalkozunk, hogy felvázoljuk, hogy az Európai Unió verseny­képességre vonatkozó elképzelései hogyan hatnak a magyar vállalati versenyképességre. Mondandónkat három részben fejtjük ki. Elsőként röviden összefoglaljuk, hogy milyen makrogazdasági tényezők hatnak a vállalati versenyképességre. Ezt követően az EU versenyképességi megközelítését tárgyaljuk, cikkünk végén pedig a hazai versenyképes­ség alakítására vonatkozó tanulságokat foglaljuk össze a hazai gépjárműgyártás pél­dáján, a Nemzeti Fejlesztési Tervben megfogalmazottak türkében. A Nemzeti Fejlesztési Tervet olyan lehetőségnek tartjuk, amely jó alapot jelenthet a vállalati versenyképesség fejlesztéséhez szükséges pótlólagos erőforrások megszerzésében, de a lehetőségek valóra válásához elengedhetetlen az EU versenyképességi szempontjainak figyelembevétele.

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Globalisation is a fundamental and much discussed phenomenon of our days' economic development. This paper discusses its consequences in manufacturing, using the example of the Hungarian economy, where multinationals and other foreign companies play a key role. First the general nature of globalisation and its effects in Hungary are discussed. Then data from two international surveys are used to characterise manufacturing practice, comparing three groups of companies: multinationals, other foreign-owned and local companies. The consequences illustrate the important role of multinationals in bringing new technologies and managerial techniques to the country, giving an example for beneficial effects of globalisation.

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