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  • Author or Editor: Bánfi Szilvia x
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The miraculous escape of the icon of Máriaradna representing Our Lady of the Carmel Mountain (originally a coloured woodcut sheet of Italian origin) had a longlasting effect on 18th century Hungarian popular religious literature. To our present knowledge the Landerer printing workshop issued it between 1756–1771/1773? in Latin, Hungarian and German languages, in altogether seven editions. The unknown author tells how the icon escaped and also the miraculous events effected by the icon. From 1762 on these editions were decorated with illustrations: an engraved frontispiece and a series of engraved images telling the history of the icon. Later beside the engraved series of images woodcut technique was also employed.

As a result of the systematic reconstruction of the typographical and decorative elements employed in the Landerer-press carried on by the author several new facts can be stated. First of all, the Landerer office employed three variants of the engraved frontispiece, of which the first was the one signed by Johann Philipp Binder in the 1762 Hungarian edition. The next was a variant, an after-cut of Binder’s, while the third is an image of quite different concept as compared to the previous two ones, although all the three represent Our Lady of Radna, with the child Jesus, and the church of Máriaradna, the place of worship. The two later ones were used from 1771 and were the products of the copper-plate engraving workshop in Buda founded by Binder. The practice of the workshop was to sign their works only shortly as „Binder”. The series of engraved illustrations telling the history of the shrine was also used from 1762 on, but some time between 1771 and 1773 the pictures were copied to woodcuts, probably also in the Binder workshop. Although the paper highlights on the 18th century Buda editions of the miracle book and its illustration, mention is also made on the survival and after-life of illustrations related to the Máriaradna icon.

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