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The aim of the project entitled “Computerized Historical Linguistic Database of Latin Inscriptions of the Imperial Age” ( http://lldb.elte.hu/ ) is to develop and digitally publish a fundamental computerized historical linguistic database that incorporates and treats the Vulgar Latin material of the Latin inscriptions from a specific group of the European provinces of the Roman Empire in the first phase. This will, on the one hand, allow for a more thorough study of the regional changes and the diversity of the Latin language of the Imperial Age. On the other hand, it could also serve as a basis for subsequent international co-operation, in the course of which further work on the computerized historical linguistic database may be executed. This paper intends to present the past and the present, as well as the future possibilities of this Database.

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Sprachpolitik im Römischen Reich

Zur Frage Einer Angenommenen Sprachpolitischen Reform Unter der Tetrarchie

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Author: Béla Adamik

It is a well known fact that the system of the official communication of the Roman Empire had undergone a striking change after Diocletian’s accession (284): Latin came into prominence and was used exclusively in the Eastern imperial administration where Greek had played an important role before Diocletian. So far this prominence of Latin has commonly been interpreted as an effect of a radical change in the language policy of the Roman state, claiming that Diocletian and Constantine I had introduced a new intolerant and aggressive language policy in the framework of the rehabilitation of the Roman Empire. In my paper I try to demonstrate that this alleged aggressive language policy never existed and that the prominence of Latin in the Eastern part of the Empire spontaneously resulted from the bureaucratic and governmental transformation of the Roman Empire that significantly increased the prestige of the Latin language.

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Ennek a dolgozatnak a tárgya a latiumi Satricumban nemrég előkerült agyaghordó-töredékek archaikus latin feliratainak értelmezése. Megcáfoljuk G. Colonna, a felirat első és mindeddig egyetlen kiadójának elméletét, miszerint a legjelentősebb, „A” jelű töredék szövege indulatszóból és accusativus exclamationis okból álló akklamációt tartalmazna. Ehelyett ezt a feliratot tulajdonosmegjelölő szövegként értelmezzük, amely valószínűleg két, pluralis genitivus ban álló, a tulajdonosokat megjelölő és egy, singularis nominativus ban álló, a tulajdont megnevező szóból épül fel.

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