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  • Author or Editor: B. Adnađević x
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Kinetics of dehydration of equilibrium swollen poly(acrylic acid) hydrogel was investigated using methods of non-isothermal thermal analysis. Methods of Kissinger, Coats-Redfern, Van Krevelen and Horowitz-Metzger were applied for determination the kinetics parameters: activation energy (E), pre-exponent (lnA) as well as the kinetics model ƒ(69) for the process of hydrogel dehydration under different heating rates. An existence of good agreement between determined values of kinetic parameters (Eand A), which were obtained applying different methods under the same heating rate. Functional relationship between changes of kinetic parameters of dehydration and changes of heating rate was established. An existence of compensation effect is accepted and explanation of compensation effect appearance during the hydrogel dehydration is suggested.

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An isothermal dehydration of equilibrium swollen poly(acrylic acid) hydrogel in the temperature range from 306 to 361 K was investigated. The specific parameters connected with shape of the conversion curves were defined. The activation parameters (E, lnA) of the isothermal dehydration of equilibrium swollen poly(acrylic acid) hydrogel were calculated, using Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA), ‘initial rate’ and ’stationary point’ methods. The reaction models for the investigated dehydration are determined using the ‘model-fitting’ method. It was established that both, the reaction model and activation parameters of the hydrogel dehydration were completely different for the isothermal process than for the non-isothermal one. It was found that the increase in dehydration temperature lead to the changes in isothermal kinetic model for the investigated hydrogel dehydration. It was established that the apparent activation energy (E) of hydrogel dehydration is similar to the value of the molar enthalpy of water evaporation.

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