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  • Author or Editor: B. Bao x
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Abstract  

A procedure for the determination of lead in various biological and environmental samples by203Pb radioisotope dilution substoichiometric method is presented. The accuracy of the method by comparison with the literature values of reference materials appears to be good. The standard deviation of the method is less than 10%, and detection limit is about 0.1 g of lead.

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Abstract  

The extraction of U(VI) with newly synthesized alkylamide, N,N-diethyloctadecanamide (DEODA), has been studied. The dependence of the extraction on nitric acid concentration, DEODA concentration and temperature from nitric acid solution has been considered. The extracted species has also been investigated using FT-IR spectrometry. The related themodynamic functions were calculated.

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Abstract  

N,N,N,N-tetrabutylmalonamide (TBMA) was synthesized and used for extraction of uranyl(II) ion from nitric acid media in toluene. The effects of nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration, temperature and salting-out agent (LiNO3) on distribution coefficients of uranyl(II) ion have been studied. The extraction of nitric acid is also studied. The main adduct of TBMA and HNO3 is HNO3. TBMA in 1.0 mol/l nitric acid solution. The 1:2:3 complex of uranyl(II) ion, nitrate ion and TBMA as extracted species is further confirmed by IR spectra of the extraction of uranyl(II) ion with TBMA, and found that the NO 3 in the extraction species UO2(NO3)2·3TBMA did not participate in coordination of uranyl(II) ion. The values of thermodynamic parameters have also been calculated.

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Abstract  

Solvent extraction of uranyl nitrate in nitric acid medium with the binary system of DMHMP and DOSO has been investigated. It was found that synergistic effect occurs during the extraction of uranyl nitrate with benzene solution of DMHMP and DOSO, the binary species extracted UO2 (NO3)2·DMHMP·DOSO has been confirmed. From the data the equilibrium constants have been determined.

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Abstract  

N,N,N,N-tetrabutylsuccinylamide (TBSA) was synthesized, characterised and used for the extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV) from nitric acid solutions into n-dodecane. Extraction distribution coefficients of U(VI) and Th(IV) as a function of aqueous nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration and temperature have been measured and found that n-dodecane as diluent was superior to 50% 1,2,4-trimethyl benzene (TMB) and 50% kerosene, (OK) system for extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV). The compositions of extracted species, equilibrium constants and enthalpies of extraction reactions have also been calculated. The formation of the 121 complex of uranyl(II) ion or the 141 complex of thorium(IV) ion, nitrate ion and TBSA and extracted species was further confirmed by the IR spectra of saturated extract of U(IV) and Th(IV).

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Abstract  

The extraction of U(VI) with newly synthesized long chain alkyl amide, N,N-dibutyldodecanamide (DBDA), in toluene has been studied. The dependence of the extraction on nitric acid and DBDA concentrations and temperature from nitric acid solution has been considered. The extracted species has also been investigated using FT-IR spectrometry. The related thermodynamic functions were calculated. The separation factor between U(VI) and Th(IV) is higher and there is no third phase formation under the conditions studied.

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Abstract  

The partition of uranium(VI) between nitric acid solutions and solutions of N,N-dibutyldodecanamide (DBDA) in kerosene has been investigated at varying concentrations of nitric acid, extractant, salting-out agent LiNO3 and at different temperatures. The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the results obtained.

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Abstract  

A new diamide N,N,N,N-tetrahexylsuccinylamide (THSA) was synthesized, characterised and used for the extraction of U(V) and Th(IV) from nitric acid solutions in a diluent composed of 50% 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (TMB) and 50% kerosene (OK). Extraction distribution coefficients of U(VI) and Th(IV) as a function of aqueous nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration and temperature have been studied. The composition of extracted species, equilibrium constants and enthalpies of extraction reactions have also been calculated. The IR spectra of saturated extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV) were recorded.

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Abstract  

N,N,N',N'-Tetrabutyladipicamide (TBAA) was used for the extraction of nitric acid and uranyl(II) ion from nitric acid media into toluene. The effects of nitric acid, uranyl(II) ion, and extractant concentration, temperature and back extraction on the distribution coefficient of uranyl(II) ion have been studied. The main adduct of TBAA and HNO3 is TBAA·HNO3 in 1.0 mol/l nitric acid solution. The 1:2:2 complex of uranyl(II) ion, nitrate ion and TBAA as extracted species is further confirmed by IR spectra of the extraction of uranyl(II) ion with TBAA. The values of the thermodynamic parameters have also been calculated.

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Abstract  

In this paper the dependence of build-up233U,232U,233Pa and fission products from ThO2 irradiated in HFETR on integral thermal neutron fluxes and neutron spectra have been investigated. The yields of all above nuclides in ThO2 increase with the increase of integral thermal neutron fluxes at different neutron spectra. The values of233U/232Th increase with the increases of th and decreases with the increase of fast/thermal neutron ratios ( f/ th). The values of232U/233U increase with the increase of both th and f/ th ratio. The amount of fission products relative to original irradiated thorium decreases with the increase of f/ th ratios. These results could be used to evaluate the behaviour of thorium-based nuclear fuel in reactor.

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