Authors:J. Hamar, M. Solymár, E. Tanai, P. Cseplo, Zs. Springo, G. Berta, B. Debreceni and Akos Koller
Recent studies suggest that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exhibits potent antioxidant capacity and improves vascular and tissue functions. Thus we aimed to compare the antioxidant efficacy of H2S to that of superoxide dismutase (SOD).Isometric force of isolated rat carotid arteries and gracilis veins was measured with a myograph. The vasomotor effect of the superoxide-generator pyrogallol (10−5M) was obtained in control conditions, and then in the presence of SOD (120 U/ml) or H2S (10−5M or 10−4M), respectively. Spectrophotometric measurements were performed to detect the effect of SOD and H2S on the auto-oxidation of pyrogallol.Pyrogallol increased the isometric force of carotid arteries (9.7 ± 0.8 mN), which was abolished by SOD (5.3 ± 0.8 mN), was not affected by 10−5M H2S (9.1 ± 0.5 mN), whereas 10−4M H2S slightly, but significantly reduced it (8.1 ± 0.7 mN). Pyrogallol significantly increased the isometric force of gracilis veins (1.3 ± 0.2 mN), which was abolished by SOD (0.9 ± 0.2 mN), whereas 10−5M (1.3 ± 0.2 mN), or 10−4M H2S (1.2 ± 0.2 mN) did not affect it. Pyrogallol-induced superoxide production was measured by a spectrophotometer (A420 = 0.19 ± 0.0). SOD reduced absorbance (A420 = 0.02 ± 0.0), whereas 10−5M H2S did not (A420 = 0.18 ± 0.0) and 10−4M H2S slightly reduced it (A420 = 0.15 ± 0.0).These data suggest that H2S is a less effective vascular antioxidant than SOD. We propose that the previously described beneficial effects of H2S are unlikely to be related to its direct effect on superoxide.
Authors:István Hartyánszky, A. Tóth, G. Veres, B. Berta, E. Zima, Z. Szabolcs, G. Y. Acsády, B. Merkely and F. Horkay
Background: Although circular ventricle resection techniques are the gold standard of left ventricle restoration, these techniques can lead to suboptimal results. Postoperative systolic resection line can be inadequate, as it must be planned on a heart stopped in diastole. The impaired geometry and contractility may lead to increased short- and long-term mortality. Moreover, postoperative low cardiac output due to insufficient left ventricular volume results in a potentially unstable condition, and cannot be corrected. Our aim was to find a preoperative method to minimize risk and maximize outcome with left ventricle restoration. Methods: We have created a novel method combining surgery with modern imaging techniques to construct a preoperative 3D systolic heart model. The model was utilized to determine resection could be intraoperatively used to create the new left ventricle. Results: The computer assisted ventricle engineering technique is described step by step through a successful aneurysmectomy of a 61-year-old female patient with a complicated giant left ventricle aneurysm. Conclusions: Using this model we are able to find the optimal resection line providing excellent postoperative result, thus minimizing the risk of low cardiac output syndrome. This is the first report of our new combined approach to left ventricle restoration.