Authors:J. McAninch, A. Marchetti, B. Bergquist, N. Stoyer, G. Nimz, M. Caffee, R. Finkel, K. Moody, E. Sideras-Haddad, B. Buchholz, B. Esser and I. Proctor
Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) is an established technique for the detection of long-lived radionuclides at environmental
levels. At LLNL, planned facility upgrades and advances in detection techniques are allowing us to explore the applicability
of AMS to isotopes not previously pursued. One such isotope is99Tc. We have performed a number of preliminary tests to examine the technical feasibility of AMS for the detection of99Tc. The questions addressed were negative ion production in the cesium sputter source, transport efficiency for the ions through
the spectrometer, and detection efficiency for99Tc ions after the spectrometer. Based on the positive results of these tests, we have begun to develo measurement protocol.
Authors:N. Aiter, A. Lehad, B. Haddad, A. Taibi, S. Meziani, Mohand-Larbi Rabhi, L. Khelifi and C. Chaouia
Several grapevine viruses were reported in Algeria and especially in grapevine germplasm collection, therefore it is a great challenge to free these varieties from virus infection before any breeding programs. Our study focused on the development of chemotherapy on autochthonous varieties collected in the grapevine germplasm collection of ITAFV. All these varieties were tested by DAS-ELISA and the presence of GLRaV-3 and GFLV was confirmed in all used samples for the sanitation. After 8 weeks of shoot tips in vitro culture in a modified M S medium containing ribavirin, DAS-ELISA test revealed that GLRaV-3 was completely eliminated and GFLV to a significant rate.