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Abstract  

The distribution of Hf, Zr and Nb between aqueous solutions of mineral acids and solutions of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-acylpyrazolones-5 (acyl=acetyl, ethoxycarbonyl, butyryl, capronyl, capryl and benzoyl) in various organic solvents has been studied. The dependence of the distribution ratio of metal on the acidity of the aqueous phase, the analytical concentrations of reagents and metals, and on the organic solvent was investigated. The composition of the complex extracted is MeP4 for Hf and Zr. The conditions for the separation of Zr, Hf and Nb are defined, and a comparison is made with extractions by means of thenoyltrifluoroacetone.

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In order to investigate the role of glutathione in response to salt stress in the thermophilic fungus, Thermomyces lanuginosus , the biomass and the intracellular pool of protein and the glutathione + glutathione disulphid (GSH + GSSG) was measured for four days in a medium with NaCl or KCl added and in the basal medium. Due to the osmotic and ionic stress imposed by the salts, the growth of T. lanuginosus was delayed and the inhibitory effect of KCl exceeded that of NaCl. Glutathione seemed to be involved in the response of T. lanuginosus towards high concentrations of salt, as the level of stress was negatively correlated with the amount of total glutathione. Salt stress did not result in an increased intracellular protein production. GSH accumulated while nutrients were abundant and were subsequently degraded later, suggesting that nutrients stored in GSH are used when the medium is depleted.

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Abstract  

The solubility of magnesium-ammonium-phosphate (struvite) has been studied employing radioisotope32P as tracer. The amount of sample in solution is determined by measuring the Cherenkov radiation due to the fast -particles emitted from this radionuclide. The themodynamic solubility product is determined at various temperatures and compared with former results.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
G. Skarnemark
,
A. Ödegaard-Jensen
,
J. Nilsson
,
B. Bartos
,
E. Kowalska
,
A. Bilewicz
, and
P. Bernhardt
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Progressive macular hypomelanosis (PMH) is a skin disorder that is characterized by hypopigmented macules and usually seen in young adults. The skin microbiota, in particular the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, is suggested to play a role.

Here, we compared the P. acnes population of 24 PMH lesions from eight patients with corresponding nonlesional skin of the patients and matching control samples from eight healthy individuals using an unbiased, culture-independent next-generation sequencing approach. We also compared the P. acnes population before and after treatment with a combination of lymecycline and benzoylperoxide.

We found an association of one subtype of P. acnes, type III, with PMH. This type was predominant in all PMH lesions (73.9% of reads in average) but only detected as a minor proportion in matching control samples of healthy individuals (14.2% of reads in average). Strikingly, successful PMH treatment is able to alter the composition of the P. acnes population by substantially diminishing the proportion of P. acnes type III.

Our study suggests that P. acnes type III may play a role in the formation of PMH. Furthermore, it sheds light on substantial differences in the P. acnes phylotype distribution between the upper and lower back and abdomen in healthy individuals.

Open access
Journal of Flow Chemistry
Authors:
Ketan Pimparkar
,
Bernard Yen
,
John R. Goodell
,
Veronique I. Martin
,
Wen-Hsuan Lee
,
John A. Porco Jr.
,
Aaron B. Beeler
, and
Klavs F. Jensen

Abstract

In an effort to utilize microfluidics to enable photochemistry, we have devised a method for fabrication of devices with UV-transmissive glass. The photochemical device is successfully incorporated into a system utilizing high-pressure capillary mercury lamps and cooling system. We have demonstrated the ability to carry out photochemical transformations with substantial rate acceleration. Furthermore, we highlight the ability to carry out analytical-scale reactions on a pulse flow automated system while modulating wavelength and residence time to identify optimal photochemical reaction conditions. The analytical conditions were also successfully converted to continuous-flow preparative scale.

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