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Abstract  

Some new and bis-hydrazine lanthanide glyoxylates Ln[OOC-CHO]3(N2H4)2 where Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb or Dy have been prepared and the compositions of the complexes have been determined by chemical analysis and elemental analysis. The magnetic moment and electronic spectra suggest except Ln3+ which is diamagnetic and all the other complexes are paramagnetic. Infrared spectral data indicate the bidentate coordination of carboxylates group is coordinate to lanthanide ion in a monodentate fashion. However, as a whole, glyoxylate ion acts as a bidentate ligand. The curves of all the complexes show multi-step degradation and the final products are found to be the respective metal oxides. The final residues were identified by their metal analysis, infrared spectra and the X-ray powder diffraction patterns. X-ray powder patterns of the complexes are almost super-imposable as expected which is in favour of isomorphism among the series.

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Abstract  

Some bis-hydrazine metal pyruvates of transition metal ions of the formula M[CH3COCOO]2 [N2H4]2, where M = Co, Ni, Zn or Cd, tris-hydrazine metal pyruvates of the formula M[CH3COCOO]2 [N2H4]3, where M = Co, Ni, Zn or Cd, and hydrazinium metal pyruvates [N2H5]2M[CH3COCOO]4, where M = Co or Ni have been prepared and the compositions of the complexes have been determined by chemical analysis. The magnetic moments and electronic spectra of the complexes suggest a high-spin octahedral geometry for them. Infrared spectral data of bis-hydrazine complexes indicate the bidentate bridging mode shown by hydrazine molecules and mono dentate coordination by pyruvate ions. However, in tris-hydrazine complexes the pyruvate ions are ionic in nature. In hydrazinium complexes two hydrazinium ions and four pyruvate ions show unidentate coordination mode resulting in six coordination around metal ions. Thermo gravimetry and differential thermal analysis in air reveal that most of the complexes decompose in one step to give the respective metal carbonate as the final residue. However, the hydrazinium complexes yield Co2O3 or NiO as the residue. The final residues were identified by their X-ray powder data. The X-ray powder diffraction patterns of each series of complexes reveal isomorphism among the series.

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Abstract  

A comparative study on -radiolysis and energy transfer reaction induced by -irradiated sodium chloride in azo-dye indicators, viz. Methyl Orange and Methyl Red are undertaken. These indicators undergo degradation following first order kinetics, the determined rate constants being 1.05·10–8 rad–1 for Methyl Orange and 5.00·10–7 rad–1 for Methyl Red, respectively. TheG-values are also determined and are found to be lower for Methyl Orange (8.60·10–6) and higher for Methyl Red (4.05·10–3), suggesting that the former is more resistent to radiation degradation as compared to the latter.

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Abstract  

A rapid and sensitive method has been developed for the determination of microgram amounts of chromium based on the radiochemical displacement of65Zn from labeled Zn-[1-(2-pyridylazo-2-naphthol]2 complex by chromium. The effect of pH on the displacement of65Zn was studied. 5–65 g of chromium could be determined with great accuracy. The effect of various ions on the displacement of65Zn by chromium was investigated and the method developed was utilized for the determination of chromium content present in geological water samples. The results were compared with values obtained by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry.

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Abstract  

Lighter and heavier lanthanide(III) ions react with dihydrazinium salts of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (H4edta) in aqueous solution to yield hydrazinium lanthanide ethylenediaminetetraacetate hydrate, N2H5[Ln(edta)(H2O)3]·(H2O)5 where Ln=La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy. The numbers of water molecules present inside the coordination sphere have been confirmed by X-ray single crystal studies. The presence of five water molecules as lattice water is clearly shown by the mass loss from the TG analyses. Dehydration of a known amount (1 g) of each sample were carried out at constant temperature (100–110°C) for about 5 min further confirms the number of non-coordinated water molecules. The complexes after the removal of lattice water undergo multi-step decomposition to give respective metal oxide as the final product. The DTA shows endotherms for dehydration and exotherms for the decomposition of the anhydrous complexes. The formation of the metal oxides was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction studies.

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Abstract  

Determination of cadmium by radiochemical displacement of zinc from a labelled ZnPAN complex has been studied. pH 5.5 in borate buffer was suitable for quantitative displacement. The effects of diverse ions on the displacement reaction are also reported.

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Field experiments were conducted at the Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Killikulam, India during the kharif (July to November) and summer (December to April) seasons of 1999 and 2000 in a randomized block design. The treatment consisted of three pre-emergence herbicides (pretilachlor + safener 0.3 kg ha-1 4 days after sowing [DAS], butachlor 1.0 kg ha-1 8 DAS and pendimethalin 1.0 kg ha-1 8 DAS) and one early post-emergence herbicide (butanil 3.0 ha-1 15 DAS), each in combination with mechanical or hand weeding 30 and 45 DAS. In addition, green manure (Daincha) intercropping and incorporation, mechanical and hand weeding twice alone (25 and 50 DAS) were compared with the unweeded check. The results revealed that the pre-emergence application of pretilachlor + safener 0.3 kg ha-1 + hand weeding twice (30 and 45 DAS) promoted higher yield attributes and maximum yield in wet-seeded rice.

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Summary

Linear gradient HPLC on a C8 column has been used for separation of individual related substances of amoxicillin listed in the European Pharmacopoeia and a newly identified degradation impurity. The USP plate count for the amoxicillin peak was more than 3000 and USP tailing for the same peak was less than 2.0. Forced degradation studies were conducted on amoxicillin drug substance using ICH stress study guidelines to demonstrate the specificity and stability-indicating nature of the method. A new impurity observed after thermal and alkaline degradation was identified as N-pivaloylamoxicillin. The LOD and LOQ for individual related substances were below 0.045 and 0.086% (w/w), respectively. The method was fully validated in accordance with ICH analytical method validation guidelines. The results of the study prove the method is specific, precise, linear, robust, and can be used for evaluation of the stability of amoxicillin drug substance.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
M. Kumar Raju
,
P. Sugathan
,
T. Seshi Reddy
,
B. Thirumala Rao
,
S. Muralithar
,
R. Singh
,
R. Bhowmik
, and
P. Madhusudhana Rao

Abstract  

The high spin level structure of 73As nucleus is studied by populating the nucleus in 64Ni(12C,p2n)73As reaction. Level scheme is revised significantly. Positive parity sequence is extended up to 33/2+ and a negative parity side band is identified and extended up to high spins 37/2. In addition about 15 new energy levels and a total of about 25 new gamma transitions were placed in the level scheme.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
S. Abdul Sattar
,
B. Seetharami Reddy
,
V. Koteswara Rao
,
A. Pradeep
,
G. Naga Raju
,
K. Ramanarayana
,
P. Madhusudana Rao
, and
S. Bhuloka Reddy

Abstract  

Trace elemental analysis was carried out in various parts of 10 anti-epileptic medicinal plants using PIXE technique. A 3 MeV proton beam was used to excite the samples and spectra were recorded using a Si(Li) detector. Data analysis was done using Gupix Software. The elements Cl, K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br and Sr were identified and their concentrations estimated. The presence of some of these trace elements is correlated with the anti-epileptic curative property of these plants.

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