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  • Author or Editor: B. Sankar x
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Abstract  

234U to235U activity ratios were determined in some of the primary and secondary uranium minerals. The conditions for the accurate measurement of this ratio by α-spectrometry were optimized. The activity ratios of234U to238U in U4+ and U6+ fractions were determined. This ratio was found to be more than the equilibrium value in one leaching experiment and is explained as due to the oxidation and selective removal of the234U, relocated by α-recoil. Age values of some of the minerals, which had earlier been dated assuming this ratio to be one, were rectified when necessary.

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Abstract  

A radiochemical method has been devised for the separation of bismuth activities of the natural series,viz.214Bi,210Bi and212Bi, and applied to the indirect estimation of their corresponding precursors,222Rn,210Pb and212Pb, in a wide variety of geological materials. The method consists of the solvent extraction of bismuth in radiochemically pure form from the sample solution atpH 2 with diallyldithiocarbamido-hydrazine (Dalzin) in chloroform, and back extraction with 2M acid. The advantages of this method over the dithizone extraction system are discussed.

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Abstract

The present study aims to determine the effects of blending cementitious materials on the mechanical and durability properties of high-performance concrete (HPC). Densified silica fume and fine-grounded metakaolin are used as supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). A total of 16 mixes containing both binary and ternary blending of SCMs were chosen for w/b ratios of 0.4 and 0.3 respectively. The hardened properties tested for the HPC mixes were compressive strength at 7, 28, and 90 days, flexural strength at 28 days, and modulus of elasticity at 28 days. Maximum strength gains up to 15%, 38%, and 23% for compression, flexure, and elastic modulus were observed in ternary mixes compared to binary mixes. Stress-strain behaviour of ternary mixes indicates increased tolerance of stress for the least amount of strain in the specimens. Based on the experimental results, empirical relations were developed and checked with the existing codes and by earlier researchers. The durability properties tested for HPC were water absorption at 28 days, acid attack, and sulphate attack at 28, 56, and 90 days. Ternary mixes improved the pore structure of HPC, resulting in a 56% reduction in water absorption and a 34% reduction in compressive strength loss due to immersion in 5% H2SO4 at 90 days. The findings of the study endorse that ternary blending of SF and MK can improve the engineering properties of HPC, and a mix containing SF 10% and MK 10% is recommended for the best results.

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Abstract  

A scheme of analysis for the determination of Na, Mn, U, Th, Hf, Sc, La, Ce, Eu, Tb, Co, Rb and Cs in geological samples using the neutron activation technique has been described. The results obtained in this work on eight geological standard rocks and a trachyte are presented and compared with literature data.

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