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Abstract  

Infrared absorption spectra of HNO3 solutions in UO2(NO3)2(TBP)2 have been taken. The formation of a hydrogen bond between HNO3 and nitrate or phosphoryl group in UO2(NO3)2(TBP)2 has been established. On extracting Pu(IV) and Np(IV) by 30% TBP-dodecane, dependence of the distribution coefficients on concentration has been found at UO2(NO3)2 concentrations in the aqueous phase upwards from 0.4M. This dependence appeared in the temperature interval 0–60°C. Such effects may be caused by ordered structure of saturated uranyl nitrate solutions in TBP.

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Abstract  

This paper presents the results of the citation study in 24 leading journals on chemical engineering for 1987. The selective methodology or the analysis of co-citation limited only to this discipline is based on relatively low thresholds of citation and co-citation. The established research fronts refer mostly to basic research. The flow of information and knowledge to chemical engineering is determined to the extent of 70–90% by the works in this very field, as is indicated by the analysis of citations. The geography of research fronts was determined. The USSR has a very low fraction of frontal papers. This can be explained by the publication of papers in Russian and by a large number of secondary and applied research. This type of research is revealed by frequent citation of books and a small fraction of highly cited papers.

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Abstract  

The present paper reviews briefly the recent advance in radioanalysis of low level plutonium in environmental and biological samples. Lots of new radiochemical methods for determination of plutonium in aerosols, natural waters, soil, sediments and various biological materials have been developed. The use and prospects of several radiochemical procedures are discussed.

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Abstract  

The solvent extraction of the rare earth elements, yttrium and scandium with trioctylphosphine oxide in the presence of strong complexing and various salting-out agents has been studied. As a result, a technique was developed for the extractionchromatography recovery of the rare earth elements and yttrium with simultaneous purification practically from all the elements, including scandium, usually present in the mineral samples.

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Abstract  

The luminescence properties of crystallophosphors on the base of NaBi/WO4/2 activated by americium, plutonium and neptunium have been studied. The synthesis of crystallophosphors is described. Crystallophosphors luminescence in the near infra-red region. The excitation and luminescence spectra of crystallophosphors are considered. The dependence of luminescence yield is linear in the wide interval of activator concentration.

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Abstract  

In the studies of nuclear reactions of heavy ions with heavy nuclei it is often necessary to determine the yields of TPE. Trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) has high selectivity with respect to trivalent TPE and rare earths. The possibility of using target or catcher materials as salting-out agents in the extraction of TPE with TOPO from solutions containing DTPA and lactic acid was investigated. The influence of the concentration of Pb, Bi, Cu, Ni, nitric acid and TOPO on the distribution coefficients was established. The advantages of application of the method for the extraction chromatographic separation of TPE and rare earths from the other elements produced in the interaction of ions with heavy elements are shown.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
V. Logvinenko
,
A. Minina
,
Yu. Mikhaylov
,
Yu. Yukhin
, and
B. Bokhonov

Abstract  

Two bismuth salts, Bi6O4(OH)4(C17H35COO)6 and Bi6O4(OH)4(C17H35COO)6 nC17H35COOH, were synthesized. The thermogravimetry under quasi-isothermal conditions denotes the multi-step character of decomposition processes for both compounds. The thermogravimetry under linear heating was used for kinetic studies. Thermogravimetric data (obtained at different rates of linear heating) were processed with 'Netzsch Thermokinetics' computer program. Kinetic parameters were calculated only for the first decomposition step for both salts, the process is described by different nucleation equations (with and without autocatalysis).

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Abstract  

An improvement of -energy resolution for determining low level plutonium has been investigated using combined solvent extraction-low level liquid scintillation counter. In the present work, -energy resolution of 270–290 keV for liquid scintillation spectra of236Pu and239Pu is attained. Thus the simultaneous determination of low level plutonium with -liquid scintillation spectrometry may be practized.

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Abstract  

Low level90Sr in environmental and biological samples is determined using a combined HDEHP solvent extraction-liquid scintillation procedure. Yttrium-90 is selectively extracted from nitric acid solution into 5% di(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (HDEHP) in toluene, and90Y in the organic phase is measured directly using an ultra low level liquid scintillation spectrometer.The working program of the Quantulus counter has been optimized. As the counting efficiency using liquid scintillation counting is high and the stripping and precipitation of Yttrium-90 oxalate is omitted, this procedure is simpler and more timesaving than traditional methods. The chemical recoveries of90Y were 85.1% for soil, 75.7% for milk and 65.3% for bone. The detection limit is 8 mBq.

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Several genotypes of barley have been developed by Crop Development Center. However, no quantitative evaluation of true protein supply to ruminants has been done in terms of protein degradation balance (PDB) and total metabolizable protein supply (or total truly absorbed protein in the small intestines). The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of difference in terms of total metabolizable protein supply of five CDC feed-type barley cultivars in comparison to Canada’s most widely grown malting cultivar AC Metcalfe. Six, two row cultivars of spring sown barley, included AC Metcalfe, CDC Cowboy, CDC Dolly, CDC Helgason, CDC Trey and McLeod were grown in the research field of University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada for three consecutive years. The quantitative predictions were made in terms of: 1) Rumen synthesized microbial protein truly absorbed in the small intestine (AMCP); 2) Rumen undegraded protein truly absorbed in the small intestine (ARUP); 3) Endogenous protein in the digestive tract (AECP); 4) Total metabolizable protein supply in the small intestine. The results showed that CDC barley variety differed (P < 0.05) in AMCP ranging from 34 to 40 g/kg DMand AECP, but had no difference (P > 0.05) in ARUP with average of 48 g/kg DM. Total metabolizable protein ranged (P < 0.05) from 85 to 92 g/kg DM. In conclusion, CDC barley variety affected total predicted metabolizable protein supply, but not to large extend. All the barley varieties had negative degraded protein balance value.

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