Authors:Zoltán Langmár, Balázs Langmár, Márta Király and Zoltán Mátrai
There is probably nobody in Hungary who does not know the name of József Béres; however, only a few will be aware what powerful commitment and perseverance lay behind his results. József Béres has acquired ever lasting merit in Hungarian trace element research and his fair and decent life that always radiated deep humanity is an example not only for those involved in scientifi c research or in the healing professions but also for those who “simply” would like to draw strength for the struggles of everyday life. The unwavering perseverance of the modestly dressed man who gained his knowledge by hard diligence as well as the honest desire to help those in need is a quality József Béres had; thus, his life is exemplary for all of us. When researching this brief essay, I relied primarily on biographical and other data associated with his research that had been generously provided by his family.
Authors:Réka Hegyaljay, Adrienn Paál, Ferenc Bánhidy, Zoltán Mátrai, Miklós Németh, Balázs Langmár and Zoltán Langmár
The human papillomavirus infection is one of the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases. The presence of human papillomavirus is demonstrable in nearly all cases of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is the second most frequent tumourous disease among women, not just in the world but in Hungary.
Our aim was to estimate women's knowledge of the human papillomavirus and cervical cancer. We searched connection between the frequent mortality, the low participation rate of screenings and the knowledge of cervical cancer.
The related questionnaire contained 18 questions and was filled in by 422 women in cities and villages. The lower age limit of the randomly canvassed people was 14 years, but we reached older women as well. The incoming data were processed with a computer program. The completed questionnaires were differentiated by age, place of residence, qualification, whether the subject had children and whether she got human papillomavirus vaccination.
The results show that almost half of the women know the basics well, but the number of answers to functional questions (e.g. “how can one decrease the risk of infection?”) was less than that expected according to the international journals. About 56% of the women knew that the virus causes cervical cancer, but only 17% of them named the right combination of the risk factors. The rate is much lower in high school circles, although the girls in that circle seem to be the most exposed to sex-related infections. About 42% of the women thought that men too can be infected; 47% gave right answers by knowing that the human papillomavirus infection does not involve symptoms. Only 44% of the respondents went for cervical cancer screening once a year and 43% of them thought that cervical cancer and precancerous lesions did not mean serious danger to them. About 80% of the women knew that the screening includes a smear taking. The significance of differences in knowledge level between groups was estimated by χ2-probe.
On the basis of the results, half of the women said to be familiar with the basic questions. In our opinion, this is mainly due to the commercial campaigns that have increased in number lately. There still were some questions which did not get more than 20% of right answers.
Authors:István Szabó, Balázs Börzsönyi, Csaba Demendi and Zoltán Langmár
A csökevényes méhszarv terhessége ritka kórkép, legjelentősebb veszélye az életveszélyes hasűri vérzéssel járó ruptura. Hüvelyi ultrahangvizsgálat segítségével még tünetmentes, korai állapotban lehetséges a felismerés. A diagnózist követően a csökevényes méhszarv és az abban elhelyezkedő terhesség laparoszkópos reszekciója javasolt, az érintett oldali kürt eltávolításával együtt. A szerzők egy rudimenter szarvban kialakult, 9 hetes terhességgel jelentkező beteg esetét ismertetik, amelyet laparoszkópia segítségével sikeresen oldottak meg.
Authors:Zoltán Langmár, László Harsányi, Eszter Székely, Balázs Járay, Sándor Csömör and Zoltán Kazy
A rectovaginalis sövény elsődleges adenocarcinomája igen ritka kórkép, amely az esetek jelentős részében endometriosis talaján keletkezik. A szerzők egy 68 éves, sikeresen kezelt páciens esetét ismertetik, akinél a rectovaginalis septum adenocarcinomája nem társult endometriosis egyidejű fennállásával. A diagnosztikában és a kezelésben eddig alkalmazott eljárásokat ismertetik, kiemelve a korai diagnózis nehézségét és az elsődleges sebészi ellátás szerepét.