Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author or Editor: Barbara Jana x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Previously, we have shown that the activity of noradrenergic nerve fibres increased and the steroid content changed in porcine ovaries with dexamethasone-(DXM-) induced polycystic status. To better understand the role of the ovarian nerves in the formation of cystic status, the morphology and steroidogenic activity of the ovaries of DXM-treated gilts after denervation of the gonads were investigated in this study. Ovarian denervation was performed on day 3 of the first studied oestrous cycle and then, on days 7–21 of the cycle, DXM was administered. Following neurectomy and DXM treatment, cysts, medium-sized follicles and corpora lutea were not present, while the number of small-sized follicles increased. Denervation and DXM application led to a reduction in the number of dopamine-β-hydroxylase- and/or neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive nerve fibres. The concentrations of progesterone, androstenedione, testosterone and oestradiol-17β in the follicular fluid and/or in the wall of small-sized follicles of the experimental gilts were lower than in the controls. A similar result was demonstrated for P450scc, 3β-HSD and P450arom protein contents in the small follicles. Our data showed that DXM was not able to stimulate the formation of cysts in denervated porcine ovaries, indicating that the ovarian peripheral nerves might participate in the aetiopathogenesis of polycystic status.

Restricted access

Changes in both the morphology and the steroidogenic activity of porcine ovaries denervated surgically on day 12 of the oestrous cycle were studied. Neurectomy of the plexus and the superior ovarian nerves caused a dramatic reduction in the number (or even a disappearance) of dopamine-β-hydroxylase- and/or neuropeptide tyrosine-immunoreactive nerve terminals. On day 20 of the subsequent oestrous cycle, the number of small follicles increased (P < 0.01) and that of large follicles decreased (P < 0.05) in the denervated ovaries, as compared to the controls. Neurectomy led to a decrease in the level of progesterone (P 4 ; P < 0.001) and androstenedione (A 4 ; P < 0.01) in the fluid from small follicles, A 4 (P < 0.001) and testosterone (T; P < 0.05) in the fluid from medium-sized follicles, as well as in the content of all these steroids in the fluid from large-sized follicles (P < 0.001 for P 4 and P < 0.05 for A 4 and T). Denervation also caused a decrease in the content of A 4 (P < 0.01) and T (P < 0.001) in the wall of follicles. Neurectomy resulted in a significant increase in the immunoexpression of cholesterol side-chain cleavage cytochrome P450 in the follicles and a decrease of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. After denervation, plasma levels of LH, P 4 , A 4 , T, oestrone and oestradiol-17β were lower (P < 0.05–0.001) on the particular days of the study than in the control group. Our data revealed that the denervation of ovaries during the middle luteal phase of the oestrous cycle in gilts caused distinct changes in both the morphology and the steroidogenic activity of the organ, confirming an important role of the peripheral nervous system in the control of the gonad in this species.

Restricted access
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Marlena Koszykowska
Anna Kozłowska
Joanna Wojtkiewicz
Cezary Skobowiat
Mariusz Majewski
, and
Barbara Jana

The distribution and co-localisation patterns of dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DβH), neuropeptide Y (NPY), somatostatin (SOM) and galanin (GAL) were investigated by use of retrograde neuronal tracing and double-labelling immunofluorescence techniques in the caudal mesenteric ganglion (CaMG) neurons supplying the ovary of adult pigs. The existence and density of nerve fibres that are immunoreactive (IR) for the above-mentioned neuroactive substances were also evaluated. Injections of a fluorescent tracer (Fast Blue; FB) into the ovaries revealed the presence of small- (76.38%) and large-sized (23.62%) FB-positive postganglionic neurons in the CaMG. Noradrenergic FB-positive cells were simultaneously NPY- (43.38%), SOM- (18.77%) and GAL- (18.31%) IR. Of the examined FB-positive neurons, 53.49% were DβH-IR but NPY-immunonegative (IN), 79.06% were DβH-IR but SOM-IN, and 77.16% were DβH-IR but GAL-IN. Small- or large-sized subsets of traced neurons were supplied by only one or a few nerve fibres, exhibiting DβH-, NPY-, SOM- and/or GAL-IR. Our data show the specific morphological as well as immunochemical structural organisation of the sympathetic neurons in the CaMG in adult gilts. The occurrence of an abundant population of noradrenergic perikarya in the CaMG may suggest their important physiological role in the regulation of gonadal function(s) in these animals.

Restricted access