The present study is part of an ongoing project on clustering European research institutions according to their publication
profiles. Using hierarchical clustering eight clusters have been found the optimum solution for the classification. Aim of
the present study is a structural analysis for the evaluation of research performance of specialised and multidisciplinary
institutions. A breakdown by subject fields is used to characterise field-specific peculiarities of individual clusters by
bibliometric indicators and to allow comparison within the same and among different clusters. Finally, benchmarks can then
be used to study national research performance on basis of the institutional classification.
In earlier studies by the authors, basic regularities of author self-citations have been analysed. These regularities are
related to the ageing, to the relation between self-citations and foreign citations, to the interdependence of self-citations
with other bibliometric indicators and to the influence of co-authorship on self-citation behaviour. Although both national
and subject specific peculiarities influence the share of self-citations at the macro level, the authors came to the conclusion
that - at this level of aggregation - there is practically no need for excluding self-citations. The aim of the present study
is to answer the question in how far the influence of author self-citations on bibliometric meso-indicators deviates from
that at the macro level, and to what extent national reference standards can be used in bibliometric meso analyses. In order
to study the situation at the institutional level, a selection of twelve European universities representing different countries
and different research profiles have been made. The results show a quite complex situation at the meso-level, therefore we
suggest the usage of both indicators, including and excluding self-citations.
In recent papers, the authors have studied basic regularities of author self-citations. The regularities are related to the
ageing, to the relation between self-citations and foreign citations and to the interdependence of self-citations with other
bibliometric indicators. The effect of multi-authorship on citation impact has been shown in other bibliometric studies, for
instance, by Persson et al. (2004). The question arises whether those regularities imply any relation between number of co-authors
and the extent of author self-citations. The results of the present paper confirm the common notion of such effects only in
part. The authors show that at the macro level multi-authorship does not result in any exaggerate extent of self-citations.
The notion of ‘core documents’, first introduced in the context of co-citation analysis and later re-introduced for bibliographic coupling and extended to hybrid approaches, refers to the representation of the core of a document set according to given criteria. In the present study, core documents are used for the identification of new emerging topics. The proposed method proceeds from independent clustering of disciplines in different time windows. Cross-citations between core documents and clusters in different periods are used to detect new, exceptionally growing clusters or clusters with changing topics. Three paradigmatic types of new, emerging topics are distinguished. Methodology is illustrated using the example of four ISI subject categories selected from the life sciences, applied sciences and the social sciences.
The notion of ‘core documents’, first introduced in the context of co-citation analysis and later re-introduced for bibliographic coupling, refers to the representation of the core of a publication set according to given criteria. In the present study, the notion of core documents is extended to the combination of citation-based and textual links. It is shown that core documents defined this way can be used to represent and describe document clusters and topics at different levels of aggregation. Methodology is illustrated using the example of two ISI Subject Categories selected from applied and social sciences.
In a recent paper the authors have studied the role of author self-citations within the process of documented scientific communication. Two important regularities such as the relative fast ageing of self-citations with respect to foreign citations and the “square-root law” characterising the conditional expectation of self-citations for given number of foreign citation have been found studying the phenomenon of author self-citations at the macro level. The goal of the present paper is to study the effect of author self-citations on macro indicators. The analysis of citation based indicators for 15 fields in the sciences, social sciences and humanities substantiates that at this level of aggregation there is no need for any revision of national indicators and the underlying journal citation measures in the context of excluding self-citations.
In the present study we propose a solution for a common problem in benchmarking tasks at institutional level. The usage of
bibliometric indicators, even after standardisation, cannot disguise that comparing institutes remains often like comparing
apples with pears. We developed a model to assign institutes to one of 8 different groups based on their research profile.
Each group has a different focus: 1. Biology, 2. Agricultural Sciences, 3. Multidisciplinary, 4. Geo & Space Sciences, 5.
Technical and natural Sciences, 6. Chemistry, 7. General and Research Medicine, 8. Specialised Medicine. Two applications
of this methodology are described. In the first application we compare the composition of clusters at national level with
the national research profiles. This gives a deeper insight in the national research landscape. In a second application we
look at the dynamics of institutes by comparing their subject clustering at two different points in time.
Authors:Ping Zhou, Bart Thijs, and Wolfgang Glänzel
Based on data from the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) and using scientometric methods, we conducted a systematic analysis
of Chinese regional contributions and international collaboration in terms of scientific publications, publication activity,
and citation impact. We found that regional contributions are highly skewed. The top positions measured by number of publications
or citations, share of publications or citations are taken by almost the same set of regions. But this is not the case when
indicators for relative citation impact are used. Comparison between regional scientific output and R&D expenditure shows
that Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient between the two indicators is rather low among the leading publication regions.
Authors:Ping Zhou, Bart Thijs, and Wolfgang Glänzel
At present China is challenging the leading sciento-economic powers and evolving to one of the world’s largest potentials
in science and technology. Jointly with other emerging economies, China has already changed the balance of power among the
formerly leading nations as measured by scientific production.
In the present paper, the evolution of China’s publication activity and citation impact in the social sciences is studied
for the period 1997–2006. Besides the comparative analysis of trends in publication and citation patterns and of national
publication profiles, an attempt is made to interpret the results in both the regional and global context.