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Abstract

The occurrence of members of the Pasteurellaceae and Neisseriaceae families was studied in dogs and cats. A total of 110 nasal and pharyngeal swab samples from 47 dogs and 8 cats were collected. Most of the strains were identified by 16S rDNA sequencing, except Frederiksenia canicola and Pasteurella multocida where species-specific polymerase chain reactions were applied. The most frequently isolated species was F. canicola, which occurred only in dogs, mainly in the pharyngeal cavity. The second commonest bacterium, P. multocida was found in both types of samples and in both hosts. Other species from the family Pasteurellaceae, such as Haemophilus haemoglobinophilus, Pasteurella canis and P. dagmatis, were detected only in dogs. All isolated species belonging to the family Neisseriaceae, mainly representing Neisseria weaveri, were found only in the pharyngeal cavity. Neisseria weaveri and N. zoodegmatis could be detected in both hosts. Neisseria dumasiana and N. canis were isolated from dogs, while N. shayeganii only from a cat. For phylogenetic analysis, rpoB gene sequencing was performed, where the strains were on monophyletic branches and clearly separated from each other. In this study, recently described species such as F. canicola, N. shayeganii and N. dumasiana were detected that had never been isolated in Hungary before.

Open access
Imaging
Authors:
Bettina Katalin Budai
,
Veronica Frank
,
Sonaz Shariati
,
Bence Fejér
,
Ambrus Tóth
,
Vince Orbán
,
Viktor Bérczi
, and
Pál Novák Kaposi

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence and the use of radiomics analysis have been of great interest in the last decade in the field of imaging. CT texture analysis (CTTA) is a new and emerging field in radiomics, which seems promising in the assessment and diagnosis of both focal and diffuse liver lesions. The utilization of CTTA has only been receiving great attention recently, especially for response evaluation and prognostication of different oncological diagnoses. Radiomics, combined with machine learning techniques, offers a promising opportunity to accurately detect or differentiate between focal liver lesions based on their unique texture parameters. In this review article, we discuss the unique ability of radiomics in the diagnostics and prognostication of both focal and diffuse liver lesions. We also provide a brief review of radiogenomics and summarize its potential role of in the non-invasive diagnosis of malignant liver tumors.

Open access
Imaging
Authors:
Veronica Frank
,
Sonaz Shariati
,
Bettina Katalin Budai
,
Bence Fejér
,
Ambrus Tóth
,
Vince Orbán
,
Viktor Bérczi
, and
Pál Novák Kaposi

Abstract

It has been proven in a few early studies that radiomic analysis offers a promising opportunity to detect or differentiate between organ lesions based on their unique texture parameters. Recently, the utilization of CT texture analysis (CTTA) has been receiving significant attention, especially for response evaluation and prognostication of different oncological diagnoses. In this review article, we discuss the unique ability of radiomics and its subfield CTTA to diagnose lesions in the pancreas and kidney. We review studies in which CTTA was used for the classification of histology grades in pancreas and kidney tumors. We also review the role of radiogenomics in the prediction of the molecular and genetic subtypes of pancreatic tumors. Furthermore, we provide a short report on recent advancements of radiomic analysis in predicting prognosis and survival of patients with pancreatic and renal cancers.

Open access