In the years 1994-1996 a painted vault of a house in the Roman civilian town Brigetio was excavated in present-day Komárom/Szőny, Hungary. The wall-paintings, which date back to the late 2nd-early 3rd cents. A.D., represent the personifications of the Four Seasons as female busts in the corners, four panthers in the middle of the side-walls and a circular central motive with the figure of a nude woman and a horse. On the basis of relevant astrological sources the paintings on the vault can be interpreted as symbolic representations of the spheres of the sky (the aer and the aether) and of eternity. The central medallion, which creates a delusive impression of an oculus, shows the fixed constellations Andromeda and Pegasus in the highest spheres of the sky. Parallel ideas from the Roman pagan art and the Christian / early Byzantine art indicate that the concept was widespread from the 1st to the 6th cents. A.D., being echoed also by the descriptions and illustrations in some sources of the late antiquity, like, for instance, the Christian Topography of Cosmas Indicopleustes.
Authors:Miklós Szabó, László Borhy, László Kocsis, István Fodor, Siegmar von Schnurbein, Paula Zsidi, Pál Raczky, and Dénes Jankovich-Bésán
Szabó Miklós: Doktori
képzés az ELTE Régészettudományi Intézetében; Borhy László: Válogatás a
Régészeti Doktori Program doktori témáiból (ELTE BTK Régészettudományi
Intézet); Kocsis László: ROMEC XV. világkonferencia Budapesten, a Magyar
Nemzeti Múzeumban; Fodor István: A X. Nemzetközi Finnugor Kongresszus
(Joskar-Ola, 2005. augusztus 15-21.); Siegmar von Schnurbein: A magyarországi
régészeti kutatás és a Römisch-Germanische Kommission kapcsolata; Zsidi Paula:
Beszámoló a Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Régészeti Bizottságának 2003-2005. évi
tevékenységéről; Szabó Miklós, Raczky Pál, Zsidi Paula: Az MTA Régészeti
Bizottságának szakmai javaslatai; Raczky Pál: A régészeti lelőhely fogalmának
tudományfilozófiai alapon történő axiomatikus meghatározása; Jankovich-Bésán
Dénes: Magyar Régész Szövetség alakult
Authors:Raczky Pál, Borhy László, Vida Tivadar, Kalla Gábor, V. Szabó Gábor, and Bartus Dávid
The Director of the EötvösLoránd Research Network, Miklós Maróthi initiated the preparation of a medium-term archaeological strategy that would ensure the identification, documentation, salvaging and safeguarding of the archaeological heritage as well as its successful assessment, careful preservation and efficient transmission. The proposal drawn up in the Institute of Archaeological Sciences of the Eötvös Loránd University covers the options and the priorities of Hungarian archaeological scholarship. During the past decades, the prospects of Hungarian archaeology have been determined by an often controversial and hasty legislation, while a constantly changing institutional background forced Hungarian archaeology to cope as best as it could amidst a deteriorating climate, leading to a serious loss of prestige. In order to provide a reliable narrative and reconstruction of the past, the study identifies and reviews the tasks involved in the management of the Hungarian archaeological heritage with a view to the current internationally accepted standards regarding documentation and assessment, safeguarding and presentation in museums, and its role in university training and in engaging the public. This study is intended as a keynote paper – we hope that our colleagues and educated compatriots who are apprehensive over the fate of the archaeological heritage will respond and offer their opinion.