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Thermal stability and crystallization kinetics of Se–Te–Sn alloys using differential scanning calorimetry

DSC study of Se92Te8−x Sn x (x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) chalcogenide glasses

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Rajneesh Kumar, Pankaj Sharma, P. B. Barman, Vineet Sharma, S. C. Katyal, and V. S. Rangra

Abstract

The present article deals with the differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) study of Se–Te glasses containing Sn. DSC runs are taken at four different heating rates (10, 15, 20 and 25 K min−1). The crystallization data are examined in terms of modified Kissinger, Matusita equations, Mahadevan method and Augis and Bennett approximation for the non-isothermal crystallization. The activation energy for crystallization (E c) is evaluated from the data obtained at different heating rates. Activation energy of glass transition is calculated by Kissinger's relation and Moynihan theory. The glass forming tendency is also calculated for each composition. The glass transition temperature and peak crystallization temperature increases with the increase in Sn % as well as with the heating rate.

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: D. Das, S. Tamuly, M. Das Purkayastha, B. Dutta, C. Barman, D.J. Kalita, R. Boro, and S. Agarwal

Abstract

Green tea or its concentrated extract is coveted for its health promoting catechin-like polyphenols, especially epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). However, its amicable efficacy is now being doubted considering the recent occurrence of several cases of hepato- and nephrotoxicity, after the ingestion of EGCG-fortified (≥85–90%) nutritional supplements. Therefore, the current study was carried out to ascertain the effect of green tea leaves extract (GTE), having low EGCG content (73.8%), on liver and kidney functions of male Wistar rats using various in vivo experiments and in vitro radical scavenging activity. In terms of acute toxicity, GTE was observed to be safe when delivered at a dosage of 2000 mg kg−1 body weight (BW). Oral delivery of GTE for 28 days at a concentration of 200 mg kg−1 BW/day did not trigger sub-acute toxicity to the liver and kidneys, as per serum biochemical analyses and histopathological examination. In contrast, GTE counteracted the effects of carbon tetrachloride (a potent hepato-degenerative compound) on the liver. Furthermore, increase in high-density lipoprotein―cholesterol with concomitant lowering of serum triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein―cholesterol were noticed in GTE-treated rats. These findings suggest that low EGCG containing GTE, with appreciable antioxidant activity (IC50 = 53.18–71.28 μg mL−1), can serve as a hepatoprotective, hypolipidemic, and hypocholesterolemic ingredient.

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