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Abstract  

We have studied the improvement of energy spectra of a cadmium telluride (CdTe) semiconductor detector by means of a neural network algorithm. The neural network recognized pulse shapes and determined the corrective magnification factors of digitally shaped pulse heights. That is to say, the neural network recognized the difference in the pulse shapes due to the incomplete charge collection and made up for the ballistic deficit of each pulse. We obtained the energy spectra of several gamma ray sources. After the processing, the energy spectra became more ideal profile and the energy resolution (FWHM) changed for the better.

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Summary  

Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphate pesticide commercialized since 1965 and it is now one of the top five commercial insecticides. It is registered for use in over 900 different pesticide formulations in the world. Chlorpyrifos poisoning usually affects many organs of the body, such as the central and peripheral nervous system, eyes, respiratory system, and the digestive tract. Depending on the pesticide formulation and type of application, chlorpyrifos residues may be detectable in water, soil, and on the surfaces from months to years. This paper presents preliminary studies of the removal of chlorpyrifos by exposition to ionizing radiation, to be applied in pesticide container decontamination. Samples containing various concentrations of chlorpyrifos in acetonitrile were irradiated with absorbed doses varying from 5 to 50 kGy, using a 60Co gamma-source with 5,000 Ci activity (Gamma cell type). The chemical analysis of the chlorpyrifos and the by-products resulted from the radiolitic degradation were made using a gas chromatography associated to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography with flame ionization detector (GC-FID).

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: C. Mori, T. Suzuki, S. Koido, A. Uritani, H. Miyahara, K. Yanagida, Y. Wu, K. Nishizawa, M. Yoshida, F. Takahashi, and J. Miyahara

Abstract  

Distribution images of natural radioactivity in natural materials such as vegetables were obtained by using Imaging Plate. In such cases, it is necessary to reduce background radiation intensity by one order or more. Graded shielding is very important. Especially, the innermost surface of a shielding box should be covered with acrylic resin plate. We obtained natural radioactivity distribution images of vegetables, sea food, meat etc. Mostly -rays emitted from40K print the radioactivity distribution image. Comparison between -ray intensity of KCl solution measured with HPGe detector and that of natural material specimen gave the radioactivity around 0.060.4 Bq/g depending on the kind and the part of specimens.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: M. A. Rizzutto, N. Added, M. H. Tabacniks, F. Falla-Sotelo, J. F. Curado, C. Francci, R. A. Markarian, A. Quinelato, F. Youssef, M. Mori, and M. Youssef

Summary  

A collaboration project between the School of Dentistry and the Institute of Physics of the University of São Paulo has been established to measure elemental concentrations in teeth by proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and heavy ion elastic recoil detection analysis (HI-ERDA) techniques. Data on trace elements in human, bovine and swine teeth, analyzed by PIXE with a 2.4 MeV proton beam, were compared and concentrations for several elements were obtained with tens of mg/g sensitivity. HI-ERDA measurements employing a 52 MeV Cl beam were done to evaluate changes in elementary concentration in dental enamel after bleaching treatment with different products in 25 bovine incisors teeth. This non-destructive technique allowed the measurements of Ca, P, O and C concentrations above the limit of 100 mg/g.

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