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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: C. Costa, S. Crispim, S. Lima, C. Paskocimas, E. Longo, V. Fernandes, A. Araújo, and I. Santos

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: F. Albuquerque, B. Parente, S. Lima, C. Paskocimas, E. Longo, A. Souza, I. Santos, and V. Fernandes

Abstract  

The use of clays for ceramic filter processing may reduce its cost, leading to different applications, as water treatment. In this work, a low cost tile clay mixed with kaolin, for use in ceramic filters, were evaluated. Mineralogical and thermal changes occurring during sintering were characterized by differential thermal analysis, thermogravimetry, thermomechanical analysis and X-ray diffraction. An increase in the initial melting temperature of samples due to kaolin addition was observed. Mullite formation in kaolin was observed by DTA and in other samples by XRD. TMA analysis permitted the observation of pre-sintering step, around 850C. This step is difficult to observe in other types of analysis.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: C. Santos, B. Capistrano, F. Vieira, M. Santos, S. Lima, E. Longo, C. Paskocimas, A. Souza, L. Soledade, and I. Santos

Abstract  

In this work, spinels with the general formula Zn2−xCoxTiO4 were synthesized by the polymeric precursor method and thermally treated at 1,000 °C. The powder precursors were characterized by TG/DTA. A decrease in the DTA peak temperature with the amount of zinc was observed. After the thermal treatment, the characterizations were performed by XRD, IR, colorimetry and UV/VIS spectroscopy. The XRD patterns of all the samples showed the presence of the spinel phase. Infrared spectroscopy showed the presence of ester complexes for Zn2TiO4 after thermal treatment at 500 °C, which disappeared after cobalt addition, indicating that organic material elimination was favored.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: H. Dantas, R. Mendes, R. Pinho, L. Soledade, C. Paskocimas, B. Lira, M. Schwartz, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos

Abstract  

Gypsum is a dihydrated calcium sulfate, with the composition of CaSO4⋅2H2O, with large application interest in ceramic industry, odontology, sulfuric acid production, cement, paints, etc. During calcination, a phase transformation is observed associated to the loss of water, leading to the formation of gypsum or anhydrite, which may present different phases. The identification of the phases is not so easy since their infrared spectra and their X-ray diffraction patterns are quite similar. Thus, in this work, temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry (TMDSC) was used to identify the different gypsum phases, which can be recognized by their different profiles.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Camila Xavier, R. Candeia, M. Bernardi, S. Lima, E. Longo, C. Paskocimas, L. Soledade, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos

Abstract  

Magnesium and zinc ferrites have been prepared by the polymeric precursor method. The organic material decomposition was studied by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The variation of crystalline phases and particle morphology with calcination temperature were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), respectively. The colors of the ferrites were evaluated using colorimetry. Magnesium ferrite crystallizes above 800°C, presenting a yellow- orange color with a reflectance peak at the 600–650 nm range, while zinc ferrite crystallizes at 600°C, with a reflectance peak between 650–700 nm, corresponding to the red-brick color.

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With the aim of obtaining materials with applications in pigments, CoxZn7-xSb2O12 spinels were synthesized using the Pechini method. This method consists in the formation of a polymeric net, where the metallic cations are homogeneously distributed. In this work, two types of alcohol (ethyl glycol and ethylene glycol) were used for the synthesis of a zinc antimoniate spinel, CoxZn7-xSb2O12 (x=0-7). The materials were characterized by termogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). TG results indicated a decrease in total mass loss when cobalt was added to the solution substituting zinc, for samples prepared using the two different alcohols. Decomposition temperatures, obtained by TG and DTA, presented a decreasing behavior as cobalt was added to the material. In relation to the alcohols, all results indicated a better polymerization of the resin when ethylene glycol was used, being the most indicated one for cation immobilization. X-ray diffraction did not show differences between the two alcohols - both presented the spinel phase (Co, Zn)2.33Sb0.67O4. Samples with higher quantity of cobalt also presented ilmenite phase (Co, Zn)Sb2O6.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: F. Vieira, Soraia Souza, A. Oliveira, S. Lima, E. Longo, C. Paskocimas, L. Soledade, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos

Abstract  

In this study undoped and Cr, Sb or Mo doped TiO2 were synthesized by polymeric precursor method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, UV–VIS spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetry (TG). The TG curves showed a continuous mass loss assigned to the hydroxyl elimination and Cr6+ reduction. Doped TiO2 samples showed a higher mass loss assigned to water and gas elimination at lower temperatures. In these doped materials a decrease in the anatase–rutile phase transition temperature was observed. After calcination at 1,000 °C, rutile was obtained as a single phase material without the presence of Cr6+.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: D. Gouveia, A. Souza, M. de Maurera, C. da Costa, I. Santos, S. Prasad, J. de Lima, C. Paskocimas, and E. Longo

Abstract  

Using the Pechini method, pigments with spinel structure (Zn7Sb2O12)were synthesized by substitution of the cation Zn2+ by Co2+, in compounds with different concentrations of Sb2O3. The doping resulted in CoxZn(7–x)Sb2O12 phases(x=1–7) that were isomorphs to spinel, denominated as samples A and B. After thermal treatment at 400C for 1 h, the powders were characterized by thermogravimetry(TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The results indicate a different behavior whena higher amount of Sb2O3 is used, due to the presence of a secondary phase (ilmenite).

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Márcia Silva, Lydianne de O. Miranda, Maria Cassia-Santos, S. Lima, L. Soledade, E. Longo, C. Paskocimas, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos

Abstract  

Undoped and/or doped with 1 mol% of Co2+ Mg2TiO4 andMg2SnO4 powders were synthesized by the polymeric precursor method. The influence of the network former (Sn4+ or Ti4+) on the thermal, structural and optical properties was investigated. The recorded mass losses are due to the escape of water and adsorbed gases and to the elimination of the organic matter. Mg2TiO4 crystallizes at lower temperatures and also presents more ordered structure with a smaller unit call and having more intense green color than Mg2SnO4 has.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: S. L. Porto, M. R. Cassia-Santos, I. M. G. Santos, S. J. G. Lima, L. E. B. Soledade, A. G. Souza, C. A. Paskocimas, and E. Longo
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