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  • Author or Editor: C. Raschka x
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Metoprolol is a widely used ß1-selective beta-blocker in hypertension and tachycardia. The influence on vital signs at rest and during ergometry (exercise heart rate or blood pressure, effect areas above baseline) was investigated in a pilote study with 18 healthy volunteers (mean age 29.1 years) by means of multiple and pairwise correlation analysis. At rest, the difference between predose and day 5 values were not associated with anthropometric characteristics. During ergometry for weight and height significant negative correlations were found corresponding to marked ß-values in the multiple regression models. Therefore heart rate decreases less markedly in slim persons which should be taken into consideration in exercise tests during metoprolol intake.

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Nineteen healthy volunteers were exposed to a standardized exercise test at sea level (SLa), at an altitude of 1700 m before (1700a) and after a moderate 10-day mountain training (1700b), with a final control four weeks later at sea level (SLb). Vital signs, blood lactate and arterial oxygen saturation were determined prior, during or after the exercise test. Whereas systolic blood pressure and heart rate at rest did not change substantially, diastolic blood pressure decreased at the final control (SLb, p<0.05) and oxygen saturation was significantly lower at 1700 m (1700a, 1700b, p<0.01). Lactate at rest increased from 1.16 (SLa) to 1.97 (1700a) mmol/l after acute exposure followed by a slight reduction after adaptation (p<0.05). The mean maximum lactate levels were as follows: 6.03, 10.56, 6.22 and 8.75 (p<0.01). The mean maximum performance increased during the study (225.6, 223.3, 231.6, 248.1 Watt, p<0.01). Lactate versus workload curves did not show a marked shift to the right. No significant changes of maximum heart rates during the exercise test were found. In conclusion, a sojourn at 1700 m provokes an increase of lactate levels with subsequent reduction after acclimatization and has a significant positive impact on the mean maximum performance after moderate mountain training.

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19-channel-EEGs were recorded from scalp surface of 30 healthy subjects (16m, 14f, mean age: 34 ys, SD: 11.7 ys) at rest and under IPS (Intermittent Photic Stimulation) at rates of 5, 10 and 20 Hertz (Hz). Digitalized data underwent spectral analysis with fast fourier transformation (FFT) yielding the basis for the computation of global field power (GFP). For quantification GFP values in the frequency ranges of 5, 10 and 20 Hz at rest were divided by the corresponding data gained under IPS. While ratios from PDE data showed no stable parameter due to high interindividual variability, ratios of alpha-power turned out to be uniform in all subjects: IPS at 20 Hz always led to a suppression of alpha-power. Dividing alpha-GFP at rest by alpha-GFP under 20-Hz IPS thus resulted in a ratio <1. We conclude that ratios from GFP data are a stable diagnostic paradigma.

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