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Abstract

Thermal decomposition of manganese malonate dihydrate single crystals grown by gel method has been studied using the TG-DTA and DSC techniques. The presence of water molecules and the dehydration stages are discussed. Dielectric constant, dielectric loss, and AC conductivity have been estimated as a function of temperature in the range of 40–120 °C for four different frequencies. Thermal studies reveal that the material is thermally stable up to123 °C. The dielectric measurements indicate that the dielectric parameters increase with the increase in temperature. Also, the dielectric constant and dielectric loss factor values decrease whereas the electrical conductivities increase with the increase in frequency of the AC applied.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: C. Xavier, C. Costa, S. Crispim, M. Bernardi, M. Maurera, M. Conceiçăo, E. Longo, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The pigments used in ceramic applications are of nature predominantly inorganic and they should be thermally stable, insoluble in glazing, resistant to the chemical and physical agents' attacks. This work aimed at the synthesis by the polymeric precursor method of ZrO2-based inorganic pigments, doped with Fe, Ni, Co, Cr and Cu cations. The fired pigments were characterized by thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Among the metals used to zirconium-doping, the best result was achieved with the cations Cu, which presented the monophase pigment, even as 20 mol% of dopant. Up to the temperature of 1000C the pigments presented a good thermal stability.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Camila Xavier, R. Candeia, M. Bernardi, S. Lima, E. Longo, C. Paskocimas, L. Soledade, A. Souza, and Iêda Santos

Abstract  

Magnesium and zinc ferrites have been prepared by the polymeric precursor method. The organic material decomposition was studied by thermogravimetry (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The variation of crystalline phases and particle morphology with calcination temperature were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), respectively. The colors of the ferrites were evaluated using colorimetry. Magnesium ferrite crystallizes above 800°C, presenting a yellow- orange color with a reflectance peak at the 600–650 nm range, while zinc ferrite crystallizes at 600°C, with a reflectance peak between 650–700 nm, corresponding to the red-brick color.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Thiago Henrique M. Vargas, Camila N. Barra, Lidia H. Pulz, Greice C. Huete, Karine G. Cadrobbi, Adriana Tomoko Nishiya, Silvia Regina Kleeb, José Guilherme Xavier, José Luiz Catão-Dias, and Ricardo F. Strefezzi

Abstract

Mast cell tumour (MCT) is the most frequent skin neoplasm in dogs. These tumours are characterised by variable behaviour and clinical presentation that make prognosis an important and challenging task in the veterinary practice. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is known to influence several biological processes that are important in the cancer context and has been described as a prognostic marker for several human cancers. The aim of the present work was to characterise Gal-3 immunolabelling in canine cutaneous MCTs and to investigate its value as a prognostic marker for the disease. Thirty-four random cases of canine cutaneous MCT that were surgically treated with wide margins were included in this study. Gal-3 expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry and the results were compared with the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, Ki67 index, histopathological grades, mortality due to the disease and post-surgical survival. The majority of the MCTs (65.8%) were positive for Gal-3. Gal-3 immunolabelling was variable among the samples (2.7%–86.8% of the neoplastic cells). The protein was located in the cytoplasm or in the cytoplasm and the nucleus. Gal-3 positivity was correlated with BCL2 expression (P < 0.001; r = 0.604), but not with Ki67 and BAX. No significant differences were detected between histological grades or in the survival analysis. Gal-3 expression correlates with BCL2 expression in MCTs. Although an efficient marker for several human neoplasms, the results presented herein suggest that Gal-3 immunolabelling is not an independent prognostic indicator for this disease.

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