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  • Author or Editor: C. Yu x
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Abstract  

A TiO2/monazite photocatalyst was prepared by embedding TiO2 nanoparticles into a monazite substrate surface. TiCl4 hydrolysis/citric acid chelating procedure under acidic conditions were used to synthesize the nanophase TiO2 particles. The anatase TiO2/monazite photocatalyst surface area, morphology, crystalline and elemental concentrations were characterized using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Monazite contains a large amount of Ce-, La-, Nd- and Th-PO4 compounds; it has been known as a natural mineral material with minor radioactivity. TiO2-CeO2 composite is a kind of radiation sensitive photocatalyst in which the radiations of thorium nuclides give energy to trigger TiO2 and cerium ions which play an energy absorber with charge separator. The result showed that methylene blue and phenol were spontaneously photocatalytic decomposed by TiO2/monazite composite even in a dark environment. A synergistic effect was also examined with applied exterior UV or 60Co irradiation. A hybrid mechanism is proposed; according by the radioluminescence (RL) from excited Ce ion by γ-radiation soliciting CeO2/TiO2 heterojunction (HJ). This seems to be a possible mechanism to explain this self-activated photo-catalytic behavior.

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Abstract  

The independent isomeric yield ratio of146La and84Br in the thermal neutron fission of235U is reported for the first time with the values of 0.058±0.017 and 0.62±0.20, respectively. the yields have been determined using a fast radiochemical separation technique followed by -spectroscopy. The deduced rms angular momentum of84Br is 5.9 from the statistical model analysis and the rms angular momentum of146La is found too low to be determined.

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Az inzulinszerű növekedési faktor (IGF) szerepe a sejtosztódásban és a daganatképződésben kiterjedt kutatás tárgyát képezi. Korábban nyilvánvalóvá vált, hogy az IGF- és a hozzá kötődő jelátviteli rendszer proliferatív, differenciálódást elősegítő és antiapoptotikus hatást vált ki. Az IGF májban történő fiziológiás termelődésén túl jelentős mennyiségben kerül előállításra a daganatos sejtekben, s a keringésben fiziológiásan elérhető mennyiséget az IGF-kötő fehérjék (IGFBP) szabályozzák. A receptor-ligand kapcsolódást követően kialakuló tirozinkináz-aktivitás a foszfatidil-inozitol-3-kináz (PI3-K), valamint p38 mitogén aktiválta proteinkináz (MAPK) útvonalakon keresztül fejti ki hatását a sejtciklusra. Áttekintésre kerül a ligand, valamint a receptor bioszintézise, a jelátviteli rendszer működése és a daganatos sejtekben betöltött szerepe. A terápiás lehetőségek áttekintése során elemzésre kerülnek a preklinikai stádiumban levő szerek fontosabb ismérvei.

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Abstract  

A novel AB2-type monomer diethyl 5-(4-hydroxyethoxyphenylazo)isophthalate for preparing hyperbranched azo polymers (HBPAZO) was synthesized. The monomer obtained was characterized by IR spectra, UV–Vis spectra, 1H NMR spectrum and C NMR spectrum. The TG-DTG/DTA curves show that the decomposition of the monomer proceeds in four steps. During the second-step decomposition, the mass loss occurs between 480.5 K and 579.0 K and the phenomena of condensing to HBPAZO for the melted monomer was found. So it is inferred that this temperature range is the best for polycondensation of the melted monomer, which is very important for synthesizing of HBPAZO.

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Abstract  

Combustion experiments of three typical seaweeds (Gracilaria cacalia, Enteromorpha clathrata and Laminaria japonica) have been studied using a DTA-60H Thermal Analyzer and the combustion processes and characteristics are studied. Thermogravimetric experiments are carried out on the samples with 0.18 mm particle size at the heating rate of 20°C min−1. The results indicate that the ignition mode of seaweed is homogeneous and the combustion process is composed of dehydration, the pyrolysis and combustion of volatile, transition stage, the combustion of char as well as the reaction at high temperature. And the combustion characteristic parameters are obtained such as ignition temperature, maximum rate of combustion, burnout temperature etc. The combustion models of these seaweeds are also analyzed. The combustion characteristics and model differences between the seaweed and woody biomass are caused by the differences of volatile components. The combustibility indexes of seaweeds calculated are better than that of woody biomass, and the index of Gracilaria cacalia is the best. At last, activation energies are determined using Arrhenius model that is solved by binary linear regression method.

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Abstract  

The energy of combustion of crystalline 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid in oxygen at T=298.15 K was determined to be -4795.91.3 kJ mol-1 using combustion calorimetry. The derived standard molar enthalpies of formation of 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid in crystalline and gaseous states at T=298.15 K, ΔfHm Θ (cr) and ΔfHm Θ (g), were -852.91.9 and -721.72.0 kJ mol-1, respectively. The reliability of the results obtained was commented upon and compared with literature values.

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Abstract  

The chemical stability of various chelates of La and Pr, as they were carried by water through a large soil column, were evaluated. The purpose of this work was to identify potential radioactive or neutron activatable groundwater tracers. This work established that of the chelates tested, Pr-DTPA followed by La-DTPA were the most stable and thus suitable for testing as groundwater tracers.

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