Authors:S. M. Jeong, S.-B. Park, S.-S. Hong, C.-S. Seo, and S.-W. Park
electrolytic reduction of U3O8 powder was carried out
using LiCl-Li2O molten salt in a 20-kg U3O8
batch cell to verify the feasibility of the process. As the current passes the
cell, the decomposition of Li2O and the reduction of U3O8
occur simultaneously in a cathode assembly and oxygen gas evolvs at the anode.
The results from a 20-kg U3O8 scale cell were compared
with data obtained from a bench scale cell. The results suggest a successful
demonstration of this process, exhibiting a reduction conversion of U3O8
of more than 99% in a batch.
Authors:B. H. Park, S. B. Park, S. M. Jeong, C.-S. Seo, and S.-W. Park
The Advanced Spent Conditioning Process (ACP) developed by the KAERI is based on pyrometallurgy and the electrolytic reduction
plays a central role in transforming spent oxide fuels into metals. The constituents of the spent fuels are distributed between
a salt and a reduced metal phase during electrolysis. Lithium metal is produced in a molten LiCl-Li2O cell and then it reacts with the metal oxides of the spent fuel producing Li2O and reduced metals. By focusing on the activity of Li2O and the electric potential, the electrolytic reduction process of the ACP is discussed. Thermodynamic considerations are
defined and operation conditions are proposed including Li2O activity and cell potential.
Authors:J. M. Hur, S. B. Park, C. S. Seo, K. J. Jung, and S. W. Park
The electrochemical reduction of uranium oxide in the treatment of spent nuclear fuel requires a characterization of the LiCl-Li2O salt used as a reaction medium. Physical properties, melting and vaporization are important for the application of the salt
and thus they have been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG), respectively. Experimental
data suggest LiCl and Li2O compound formations, leading to a melting point depression of the LiCl and a co-vaporization of the LiCl-Li2O salt.